Labor Union

Service Employees International Union (SEIU)

This is a logo for Service Employees International Union. (link)
Website:

www.seiu.org/

Location:

WASHINGTON, DC

Tax ID:

36-0852885

Tax-Exempt Status:

501(c)(5)

Budget (2014):

Revenue: $280,911,171
Expenses: $268,653,068
Assets: $175,167,965

Type:

National Labor Union

Formation:

1921, as the Building Service Employees International Union

International President:

Mary Kay Henry

International President's Compensation:

Gross Salary: $256,185

Total Disbursements: $296,549

Membership:

Union Members: 1,887,941

Agency Fee Payers: 120,565

Agency fee payers are non-members of the union required to pay dues as a condition of employment

The Service Employees International Union (SEIU) is one of America’s largest, most controversial, and most politically involved labor unions. The SEIU, which represents building services employees, nurses, other healthcare workers, and public employees, is noted for its close ties to the broader left-of-center movement, perhaps most notably the controversial now-defunct community organizing network ACORN and its successor groups.[1]

The SEIU is one of the totems of the modern institutional left, with deep ties to the Democratic Party, liberal institutions, and the broader labor movement. Under former union president Andy Stern, SEIU was an original “institutional investor” in progressive donor association Democracy Alliance (DA).[2]  Stern brought SEIU into close alliance with former President Barack Obama, with SEIU being one of the first major progressive groups to endorse his candidacy in the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primaries.[3]

Background

SEIU is the largest organizational federal political spender. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, SEIU-affiliated people and organizations have spent over $272 million on federal politics through 2016, with over 99 percent of the money going to Democrats and progressives.[4]

In addition to its political activities, SEIU has a reputation for aggressive organizational campaigns and employee representation. The SEIU pioneered the modern “corporate campaign” for labor union organizing, under which labor unions and aligned progressive groups use political pressure and personal attacks on brands and employers to secure representation privileges rather than conventional employee secret ballot votes.[5] Most recently, the SEIU has spent tens of millions of dollars on a public relations campaign to raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour alongside a corporate campaign against McDonald’s restaurants.[6]

The union left the AFL-CIO in 2005 with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) to form a rival federation of unions, Change to Win.[7] The breakaway faction has shrunk since then and now considers itself a “strategic organizing center” that operates numerous progressive movement projects.[8]

SEIU’s large budget, high political profile, and prestige in the progressive movement has opened its officers to corruption. Since 2010, two heads of major SEIU local unions have been convicted of felony charges related to corruption in office.[9] Other SEIU employees have been implicated in violent demonstrations.[10]

History

The SEIU was founded in Chicago as the Building Service Employees International Union in 1921, which grew out of the Chicago Flat Janitors Union.[11] The Chicago-headquartered union later took its current name in 1968, and expanded organizing from janitors and elevator attendants into healthcare services and public employees.[12] SEIU was affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, later the AFL-CIO.

John Sweeney Presidency

In 1980, John J. Sweeney was elected president of the SEIU. Sweeney gained a reputation for aggressive organizing, with approximately 30 percent of the union’s expenditures directed to recruitment of new members.[13]

Under Sweeney the SEIU grew substantially, rising in membership from 625,000 to 1.1 million.[14] Sweeney also expanded SEIU deeply into the public sector, adding the California State Employees Association into the union as Local 1000, SEIU.[15]

During Sweeney’s presidency, the union chartered SEIU Local 100, headed by labor organizer Wade Rathke. This brought SEIU into intimate contact with the Associations for Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) network, which would remain until ACORN folded and Local 100 disaffiliated from SEIU in the late 2000s.[16]

Stern and the Break from the AFL-CIO

In 1995, Sweeney sought the leadership of the AFL-CIO. He defeated incumbent (and SEIU Local 32 alumnus) Tom Donohue and took office.[17]

Sweeney was briefly replaced as SEIU president by Secretary-Treasurer Richard Cordtz, but Cordtz withdrew from the election for a full term amid controversy surrounding his running mate.[18] That cleared the field for Sweeney protégé Andrew Stern, who won election as SEIU president in 1996.

Stern took office seeking to reform the union’s culture, increase SEIU’s membership, and rebuild the union’s political influence.[19] Over Stern’s fifteen years at the helm, SEIU’s political power surged. Stern was a longtime ally of President Barack Obama from his time in Illinois, and the union and its political action committees spent in excess of $60 million to support his election and those of Democrats to Congress in 2008.[20] Stern was a frequent visitor to the Obama White House and was the most frequent visitor reported in White House visitor logs in the first six months of the Obama presidency.[21]

Membership also increased, but Stern’s disputes with AFL-CIO head Sweeney led to a split in the labor union movement. Stern, along with James P. Hoffa of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, split from the AFL-CIO and formed their own union federation, Change to Win.[22] Change to Win largely failed to live up to the hype surrounding its formation; three of seven breakaway unions left CtW and the organization itself rebranded as a “strategic organizing center.”[23]

Stern’s efforts to reform the union’s culture and root out corruption proved even less successful. The end of his term was marred by scandal surrounding Stern’s former ally, Tyrone Freeman, who was implicated (and later convicted) in a financial scandal after Stern entrusted him with control of a large California local union.[24] A series of scandals also embroiled the SEIU-linked community organizing network ACORN, which lost federal funding and later folded after alleged financial and other malfeasance were exposed.[25] Stern was reportedly investigated by the FBI, but no further action was taken.[26]

Post-Stern Era

Stern abruptly resigned from SEIU’s presidency in April 2010. He was succeeded by Mary Kay Henry, previously the executive vice president of the SEIU.[27] Henry displaced Stern’s heir apparent, Anna Burger, who had served as SEIU Secretary-Treasurer.[28]

Henry’s SEIU has continued Stern’s aggressive political involvement: The union heavily backed President Barack Obama’s 2012 re-election campaign and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s ill-fated 2016 presidential campaign.[29] In addition, the SEIU has launched a national campaign to unionize restaurant workers and double the federal minimum wage, known as Fight for $15. The union has spent tens of millions of dollars on political consultancies (most notably the BerlinRosen firm from New York) and progressive community organizing groups to advance the program, with moderate success in very Democratic cities and states.[30]

Structure

The SEIU’s structure emphasizes a national core and large “mega-locals” that organize entire industries within and sometimes across states. The SEIU has locals representing both principally private-sector workers and principally public sector workers.

Three SEIU locals required to file reports to the Department of Labor declared over 100,000 members in 2015, while an additional eight have over 40,000 members.[31] The largest SEIU local unions include:

1199SEIU, United Health Care Workers East

1199SEIU is one of the most powerful unions in union-strong New York and a powerful player in that state’s liberal movement.[32] According to the union’s Department of Labor filings, the union spent $186 million in fiscal year 2015 (of which $41 million was per capita tax paid to national and regional SEIU bodies) and reported 351,149 members.[33]

SEIU Local 2015

Formed in 2015 from three California SEIU home-healthcare worker local unions, SEIU Local 2015 is one of the newest mega-locals and one of the most controversial within the union.[34] The formation of Local 2015 was highly controversial, with rivals of SEIU national president Mary Kay Henry alleging the reorganization was aimed toward consolidating the power of SEIU headquarters over local union officials and ensuring Henry’s reelection.[35]

SEIU Local 32BJ

32BJ represents building services workers and janitors throughout the Northeast. Divided into 13 regional districts, the union boasts over 145,000 members.[36]

SEIU Local 2005, United Healthcare Workers-West

A California mega-local representing nurses and other healthcare workers formed under Andy Stern’s union presidency, United Healthcare Workers-West was later split with much of its home-healthcare membership shifted to Local 2015.[37] This led to the spectacle of Local 2005 president Dave Regan denouncing top-down union governance strategies that had elevated Regan to his very position.[38]

“Mega-Locals”

The SEIU has branches that are not required to file periodic reports with the U.S. Department of Labor because they exclusively represent state employees. The largest such branch is SEIU Local 1000, which claims a membership of 95,000 public employees in the state of California.[39]

The SEIU’s use of large-scale “mega-locals” has led to criticism. Advocates within the union movement for member control—also known as “union democracy”—have targeted the consolidation actions of SEIU headquarters for opposition. In 2008, the leadership of United Healthcare Workers-West resigned en masse amid a reorganization, forming the National Union of Healthcare Workers independent from SEIU.[40] According to NUHW leader Sal Rosselli, SEIU ousted the president of an Illinois local union for failing to support SEIU-endorsed candidate Hillary Clinton against U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders (I-Vermont) in the 2016 Democratic presidential primaries.[41]

Notable Campaigns

The SEIU has a reputation for aggressive campaigning both in politics and union organizing. Since a 1990 effort to organize janitorial staff in Los Angeles, SEIU has promoted the “corporate campaign” or “comprehensive campaign” method of unionization, putting pressure on third parties (usually customers with branding at stake) and employers to ease the path to organization—often without a secret-ballot vote.[42]

Sodexo

One of SEIU’s most notorious corporate campaigns attacked foodservice provider Sodexo. The union’s tactics proved so aggressive that SEIU ended up settling a case the company brought under the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO).[43] Sodexo had sued to end what the company called “extortionate threats and barrage of unlawful tactics” and alleged SEIU committed “blackmail, vandalism, trespass, harassment, and lobbying law violations.”[44]

As part of the litigation surrounding the Sodexo campaign, SEIU disclosed its “Contract Campaign Manual,” the book of organizing principles behind a comprehensive campaign. The document describes a comprehensive plan of intimidation directed at employers who resisted unionization. Vincent Vernuccio of the Mackinac Institute describes the SEIU’s playbook:

SEIU’s manual details how “outside pressure can involve jeopardizing relationships between the employer and lenders, investors, stockholders, customers, clients, patients, tenants, politicians, or others on whom the employer depends for funds.” The union advises using legal and regulatory pressure to “threaten the employer with costly action by government agencies or the courts.”

It details the use of community groups to “damage an employer’s public image and ties with community leaders and organizations.” SEIU recommends going after company officials personally. Not mincing words, SEIU states, “It may be a violation of blackmail and extortion laws to threaten management officials with release of ‘dirt’ about them if they don’t settle a contract. But there is no law against union members who are angry at their employer deciding to uncover and publicize factual information about individual managers.”[45]

Fight for $15

Also see Fight for $15 (Movement)

The organizing campaign currently attracting much of the SEIU’s focus is its “Fight for $15,” a nationwide effort to unionize fast-food-restaurant employees, organize airport services workers, and double the federal minimum wage. The campaign debuted in 2012 with a series of demonstrations by SEIU supporters and activists that were billed as “fast food worker strikes.”[46] Some within the union and the movement have criticized SEIU leadership for the union’s heavy-handed stage managing through liberal public relations firm BerlinRosen.[47]

SEIU has invested heavily in the campaign, with estimates of campaign spending through the end of 2015 approaching $70 million.[48] The potential payoff for the investment is obvious: The Manhattan Institute’s Diana Furchgott-Roth estimates that unionizing McDonald’s, which has been a prominent corporate target of Fight for $15, could yield $100 million per year in SEIU dues and fees revenue if half its workforce could be organized.[49]

The campaign has had some success in persuading very blue states like California and New York as well as very blue cities like Los Angeles and Seattle to raise their minimum wages to $15.[50] However, the effect of the Fight for $15 on union membership is less clear: former SEIU president Andy Stern has questioned the potential longevity of SEIU’s campaign given its lack of union organizing results.[51] SEIU membership has declined over the period that Fight for $15 has been active.[52]

Home Healthcare “Dues Skim”

SEIU has sought to organize home healthcare aides compensated through state Medicaid programs.[53] Critics object to these programs, which they call a “dues skim,” alleging that the state government does not have a bona-fide employer-employee relationship with caregivers paid from their family members’ Medicaid allowances.[54]

Caregivers objecting to SEIU representation sued the state of Illinois seeking exemption from mandatory dues and fees payments. In 2014, the Supreme Court ruled in the caregivers’ favor in a case called Harris v. Quinn, finding that the caregivers were not full public employees and therefore exempt from compulsory dues.[55]

Michigan has reversed its program entirely, after Republican Governor Rick Snyder replaced Democratic Governor Jennifer Granholm in 2011. During the length of the program in Michigan, SEIU’s Michigan affiliate collected over $34 million in dues.[56] SEIU Healthcare Michigan, the union’s largest Michigan local, lost over 40,000 members after the dues skim repeal and the passage of a right-to-work law in the state.[57]

Political Programs

The SEIU is a major supporter of national, state, and local Democratic Parties; left-wing ballot measure campaigns; and other progressive politicians. SEIU has a major impact on liberal politics through contributions from SEIU political committees to Democratic and progressive campaigns and through dues-funded support of progressive infrastructure groups.

Funding Left-Wing Organizations

The SEIU is a major funder of left-of-center organizations out of its dues-collected revenues. SEIU has been a member of the progressive donor clearinghouse Democracy Alliance since the Alliance first organized in 2006.[58] In 2015, the union provided Democracy Alliance with at least $295,000 in funds.[59]

Notable progressive organizations that received funding from SEIU headquarters in 2015 include the Center for American Progress (CAP) and Center for American Progress Action Fund, the National Employment Law Project (NELP) and its associated action fund, Americans United for Change, Center for Popular Democracy (CPD), New Venture Fund, Progressive Congress, Tides Center and Tides Foundation, Alliance for Justice, Demos, Jobs With Justice Education Fund, League of Conservation Voters (LCV), MoveOn.org, National Action Network, and Planned Parenthood.[60]

The SEIU and its local unions additionally fund front organizations on the local level that support SEIU corporate campaigns. New York Communities for Change (NYCC), Action NC, and Good Jobs Now have all received funding from SEIU and have been associated with the Fight for $15.[61] Many of these organizations are successor organizations to the defunct Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) network, which folded in 2010 amid allegations of electoral fraud.[62]

Federal Political Expenditures

At the federal level, political action committees associated with SEIU are the largest electoral spender since the Center for Responsive Politics’ records begin in 1990. In total, SEIU and its associated PACs have spent over $270 million on federal politics, almost exclusively on behalf of Democrats and progressive causes.[63] (Federal law prohibits direct contributions from union dues to candidates and their committees, but elective “check-off” contributions may be collected on behalf of a union PAC.)

The scale of SEIU’s expenditure on behalf of Democratic candidates is massive: In 2012, the union was reportedly the largest spender of all left-of-center groups supporting President Obama’s re-election. The union also provides substantial “in-kind” support to Democratic campaigns, including canvassers and voter transportation services.[64]

State Political Expenditures

In addition to its substantial federal footprint, SEIU is a major player in state-level and local politics. The union and its affiliates have spent over $67 million on state and local partisan political campaigns, with over 94 percent of contributions going to Democrats.[65]

This political capital makes SEIU and its local affiliates major state political players, especially in states aligned with the Democratic Party. In New York, 1199SEIU has been referred to as the “union that rules New York” for its ability to cajole politicians of both major parties to support its agenda at the state and municipal levels.[66]

One of SEIU’s major state-level legislative initiatives concerns state recognition of home healthcare aides, typically paid by family members out of Medicaid subsidies, as unionizable public employees, which critics have called a “dues skim.”[67] The SEIU pushed such schemes in numerous states with support from SEIU-backed governors.[68] Until a Supreme Court ruling in 2014, the SEIU could collect compulsory dues from these home care aides in states that lacked right-to-work protections, though union opponents alleged the SEIU established roadblocks to leaving union membership and dues payments.[69]

In summer 2017, the SEIU announced its plans to fund a new campaign to support liberal and pro-labor union politicians running for office with endorsements and financial support, particularly candidates who support minimum wage hikes and oppose right-to-work legislation. The effort focuses on candidates in states within the “Rust Belt” and the Midwest.[70]

Ballot Initiatives

In order to preserve and create new privileges and revenue sources for itself, SEIU is a prolific supporter and sponsor of ballot initiative campaigns. The national union provides substantial funding to the Ballot Initiative Strategy Center (BISC), an organization supporting liberal ballot measure campaigns.[71] In 2015, SEIU headquarters provided BISC with $180,000 in support.[72] Among the campaigns SEIU has supported are efforts to raise minimum wages and increase taxes.[73]

In addition to supporting broader progressive strategies, SEIU supports ballot campaigns to expand its membership and power. Among the union’s most notable campaigns was an effort to restore the home healthcare Medicaid caregiver “dues skim” in Michigan. SEIU Healthcare Michigan sought to reestablish a program ordered by former Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm that forced home-healthcare aides paid by the state’s Medicaid program to pay SEIU dues as “public employees” and had been shut down after Democrats lost control of the Michigan government in 2010. The ballot measure campaign to restore the skim cost SEIU and its local unions over $5 million.[74] The measure failed, and SEIU had to pay nearly $200,000 to the state for attempting to conceal its involvement.[75]

The union is also a substantial spender in opposition to measures that would reform labor laws and reduce union privileges. One of the most notable campaigns in this vein was conducted by SEIU Local 1000 in opposition to several California ballot measures proposed by then-Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) in 2005. The union’s funding of its effort with a $12 million special fund resulted in a Supreme Court case titled Knox v. SEIU Local 1000 that found the union had violated nonmember agency fee payers’ rights to opt out of funding SEIU’s political operations.[76]

Local Politics

SEIU local unions often serve as a core power base for liberal politicians in major U.S. cities. Perhaps the most notable SEIU client is bold progressive New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio (D), who rode over $2 million in support from 1199SEIU to the Democratic nomination and ultimate election in 2013.[77] De Blasio is also close with 1199SEIU-associated nonprofit organizations like New York Communities for Change, a successor organization to the ACORN community organizing network.[78]

De Blasio is not alone in taking SEIU support to control of a City Hall. Houston mayor Sylvester Turner (D) took the support of SEIU Texas during his 2015 campaign.[79] Philadelphia’s James Kenney (D) received the staunch backing of most of the city’s major labor unions in 2015, and he rode that support to the Democratic nomination and victory.[80]

The SEIU additionally advances local ballot measures where they are permitted. The most notable such measure was the “Good Jobs Initiative” in SeaTac, Washington, the first $15 minimum wage to pass. The SEIU, its Washington state affiliate Local 775, other SEIU locals, other labor unions, and SEIU-backed community organization Working Washington spent hundreds of thousands of dollars to pass the wage hike in the city of 28,000.[81] The measure was criticized for creating an apparent loophole for collectively bargained contracts, allowing unionized companies to pay less than the local minimum wage.[82]

Amalgamated Bank

Perhaps SEIU’s most interesting form of political involvement is Amalgamated Bank. The SEIU took over the bank, which has been union-owned since 1923, from Unite Here after a brutally divisive split within Unite Here saw a faction of that union move to the SEIU as Workers United, SEIU in 2010.[83] Since SEIU took over Amalgamated, numerous Democratic committees including the Democratic National Committee, the Democratic Governors Association, and Ready for Hillary have all conducted business through the bank.[84]

The Democratic Party has used Amalgamated to obtain lines of credit. For the 2012 election, the Democratic National Committee took out loans totaling $15 million from Amalgamated.[85] The DNC had $2 million in outstanding loans with Amalgamated as recently as November 2015.[86]

Criticism

Corruption Scandals

The most notable financial scandal to roil SEIU in recent years hit in 2008, when Tyrone Freeman, head of a California long-term care workers local and ally of then-SEIU International President Andy Stern, was implicated in numerous financial misdeeds. Investigators found that Freeman directed $600,000 in contracts to his wife, used union dues to pay for his cigar club membership, and put $8,000 in wedding expenses on the union credit card.[87] After a multi-year federal investigation, Freeman was ultimately convicted on 14 counts of embezzlement, tax law violations, and mail fraud.[88]

Dana Cope, executive director of the State Employees Association of North Carolina-SEIU Local 2008, was discovered by a newspaper investigation to have improperly directed funds from the state-employee union’s treasury to a landscaping company he controlled.[89] He would ultimately plead guilty to charges related to over $500,000 in embezzlement and be sentenced to 58 to 82 months in prison.[90]

In February 2017, the national union placed SEIU Healthcare Michigan into trusteeship after allegations about potential financial “malpractice.” It was not reported whether police or federal investigators were involved in reviewing the union’s finances.[91]

Hospital Construction Stalemate

Following a public outcry after a series of patient deaths October 2017 in United Medical Center, a public hospital in southeast Washington, D.C., in August 2018 George Washington University Hospital decided to establish a new hospital in the region.[92][93] The SEIU opposed any attempt by the Washington city council to expedite the building process of the new hospital because of the risk that 119 SEIU members would not be rehired.[94]

Despite the reputation of poor patient quality by the United Medical Center hospital SEIU unionized staff, on December 4th, 2018 the D.C. council voted to follow United Medical Center union contracts and employ the same healthcare workers. After the vote on December 6th, 2018, George Washington University Hospital suspended its negotiations on the new project, with the likely change that it would withdraw from the project.[95]

People

Mary Kay Henry

Mary Kay Henry is the International President of the SEIU. A career union official, Henry joined SEIU as an organizer after graduating from university in 1980, rising through the ranks to organizing director and chief healthcare strategist of the union.[96] In 2010, she won an underdog campaign to succeed Andy Stern as SEIU president, defeating Stern protégé Anna Burger.

Henry vowed to expand SEIU’s political activism while continuing the practice of aggressive corporate campaigns and card check.[97] Henry serves on the board of the Democracy Alliance. (Last accessed August 2017.)[98] She additionally serves as Secretary-Treasurer of Change to Win, the SEIU-led federation of labor unions that also includes the Teamsters.[99]

The SEIU paid Henry $256,185 in gross salary in 2015, with total disbursements received of $296,549.[100]

Andy Stern

Andy Stern was the immediate past president of SEIU, serving from 1996 to 2010. An aggressive union boss, Stern led SEIU during its tumultuous exit from the AFL-CIO and through a period of substantial membership growth.[101] Stern was a close ally of President Barack Obama and served on the “debt commission,” the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform.[102]

Since leaving SEIU, Stern has been a senior fellow at the Columbia University Richman Center for Business, Law, and Public Policy.[103] He wrote a book endorsing the universal basic income, a policy to provide a welfare payment to all adults.[104] Stern is also a U.S. Programs advisory board member at the Open Society Foundations, the charitable arm of progressive financier George Soros.[105]

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  29. Westwood, Sarah . “Clinton’s got a brand new bank.” Washington Examiner. December 05, 2015. Accessed February 27, 2017. http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/clintons-got-a-brand-new-bank/article/2577402
  30. Layne, Nathan, and Lisa Baertlein. “INSIGHT-Union spends big on low-wage campaign, endgame unclear.” Reuters. April 15, 2015. Accessed February 22, 2017. http://www.reuters.com/article/usa-wages-protests-idUSL2N0XB2X120150415
  31. Author’s calculations based on reported “local unions” affiliated with SEIU for fiscal years 2015 as returned by the Department of Labor Office of Labor-Management Standards query tool, queried Feb. 27, 2017.
  32. Disalvo, Daniel, and Stephen Eide. “The Union That Rules New York.” City Journal. Summer 2015. Accessed February 27, 2017. https://www.city-journal.org/html/union-rules-new-york-13736.html
  33. Service Employees International Union Local 1199, Annual Report of a Labor Organization (Form LM-2), 2015, Statement B and Schedule 13
  34. Cadelago, Christopher. “SEIU merges home-care, nursing home workers into one unit.” Sacramento Bee. June 30, 2015. Accessed February 27, 2017. http://www.sacbee.com/news/politics-government/capitol-alert/article25835953.html
  35. Rauber, Chris. “‘Massive betrayal’: Leaked memo reveals SEIU’s internal war over health care workers.” Bizjournals.com. June 17, 2015. Accessed February 28, 2017. http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/blog/2015/06/seiu-united-healthcare-workers-dave-regan.html
  36. Fons, Hannah. “More Than Just Curb Appeal – Inside SEIU Local 32BJ.” The New York Cooperator , The Co-op & Condo Monthly. November 2011. Accessed February 28, 2017. https://cooperator.com/article/inside-seiu-local-32bj/full#cut and Service Employees International Union Local 32, Annual Report of a Labor Organization (Form LM-2), 2015, Item 20.
  37. Rauber, Chris. “‘Massive betrayal’: Leaked memo reveals SEIU’s internal war over health care workers.” Bizjournals.com. June 17, 2015. Accessed February 28, 2017. http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/blog/2015/06/seiu-united-healthcare-workers-dave-regan.html
  38. Center for Union Facts. “Did Mary Kay Henry Sacrifice Healthcare Workers to Her Political Interests?” LaborPains.org. June 23, 2015. Accessed February 28, 2017. http://laborpains.org/2015/06/23/did-mary-kay-henry-sacrifice-healthcare-workers-to-her-political-interests/
  39. “What We Do.” SEIU Local 1000. Accessed February 28, 2017. http://www.seiu1000.org/what-we-do
  40. Finamore, Carl. “In San Francisco, Union Democracy Goes on Trial.” In These Times. March 16, 2010. Accessed March 01, 2017. http://inthesetimes.com/working/entry/5688/in_san_francisco_union_democracy_goes_on_trial/
  41. Rosselli, Sal. “To help safeguard Democracy, unions must first embrace it.” The Hill. December 27, 2016. Accessed March 01, 2017. http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/politics/311733-to-help-safeguard-democracy-unions-must-first-embrace-it.
  42. Eidelson, Josh. “The Lessons Unions Learned From the ‘Justice for Janitors’ Protests.” Bloomberg.com. June 16, 2015. Accessed March 01, 2017. https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-06-16/the-lessons-that-unions-learned-from-the-justice-for-janitors-protests
  43. Maher, Kris. “SEIU to End Sodexo Campaign.” The Wall Street Journal. September 15, 2011. Accessed March 01, 2017. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424053111904491704576573074162700598
  44. Sodexo USA. “Sodexo USA Files RICO Lawsuit Against SEIU.” PR Newswire. March 17, 2011. Accessed March 01, 2017. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/sodexo-usa-files-rico-lawsuit-against-seiu-118204534.html
  45. Vernuccio, Vincent. “VERNUCCIO: Labor’s new strategy: Intimidation for dummies.” The Washington Times. July 15, 2011. Accessed February 22, 2017. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/jul/15/labors-new-strategy-intimidation-for-dummies/
  46. Resnikoff, Ned. “New York’s fast food workers strike. Why now?” MSNBC. November 29, 2012. Accessed March 01, 2017. http://www.msnbc.com/the-ed-show/new-yorks-fast-food-workers-strike-why-now
  47. Gupta, Arun. “Fight For 15 Confidential.” In These Times. November 11, 2013. Accessed March 03, 2017. http://inthesetimes.com/article/15826/fight_for_15_confidential
  48. Berman, Richard. “So who’s really behind the ‘Fight for $15?’: Richard Berman.” PennLive.com. April 13, 2016. Accessed March 01, 2017. http://www.pennlive.com/opinion/2016/04/so_whos_really_behind_the_figh.html
  49. Furchgott-Roth, Diana. “McDonald’s, Already Struggling, Now Has to Fight the Government.” Economics21. February 2, 2015. Accessed March 02, 2017. https://economics21.org/html/mcdonalds-already-struggling-now-has-fight-government-1232.html
  50. National Employment Law Project. “14 Cities & States Approved $15 Minimum Wage in 2015.” NELP.org. December 21, 2015. Accessed March 02, 2017. http://www.nelp.org/news-releases/14-cities-states-approved-15-minimum-wage-in-2015/
  51. Eidelson, Josh. “How a $15 Minimum Wage Went From Fringe to Mainstream.” Bloomberg.com. March 29, 2016. Accessed March 02, 2017. https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-03-29/how-a-15-minimum-wage-went-from-fringe-to-mainstream
  52. Center for Union Facts. “The Fight for $15’s Three Dumbest Predictions.” LaborPains.org. December 28, 2016. Accessed March 03, 2017. http://laborpains.org/2016/12/28/the-fight-for-15s-three-dumbest-predictions/
  53. McGuire, Kim. “SEIU, Minnesota home health care workers file for union election.” Star Tribune. July 8, 2014. Accessed March 03, 2017. http://www.startribune.com/seiu-minnesota-home-health-care-workers-file-for-union-election/266255171/
  54. Higgins, Sean . “Illinois politicians forced home care workers into union that donates heavily to them.” Washington Examiner. May 01, 2014. Accessed March 03, 2017. http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/article/2547368
  55. Chicago-Kent College of Law at Illinois Tech. “Harris v. Quinn.” Oyez. Accessed March 3, 2017. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2013/11-681  
  56. Spence, Jack . “Confirmed: The SEIU ‘Dues Skim’ Finally Ends.” Michigan Capitol Confidential. April 8, 2013. Accessed March 03, 2017. https://www.michigancapitolconfidential.com/18499
  57. Spencer, Jack. “SEIU Affiliate’s Revenue Cut in Half After ‘Dues Skim’ Ended.” Michigan Capitol Confidential. June 17, 2015. Accessed March 03, 2017. https://www.michigancapitolconfidential.com/21420
  58. VandeHei, Jim, and Chris Cillizza. “A New Alliance Of Democrats Spreads Funding.” The Washington Post. July 17, 2006. Accessed February 22, 2017. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/16/AR2006071600882_pf.html
  59. Service Employees International Union, Annual Report of a Labor Organization (Form LM-2), 2015, Schedules 16 and 17
  60. Service Employees International Union, Annual Report of a Labor Organization (Form LM-2), 2015, Schedules 15, 16, and 17
  61. Center for Union Facts. ““Worker Committees” a $15 Million SEIU Project.” LaborPains.org. April 09, 2014. Accessed March 06, 2017. http://laborpains.org/2014/04/09/worker-committees-a-15-million-seiu-project/
  62. Smith, Ben. “ACORN ‘dissolved as a national structure'” POLITICO. February 22, 2010. Accessed March 06, 2017. http://www.politico.com/blogs/ben-smith/2010/02/acorn-dissolved-as-a-national-structure-025239
  63. Center for Responsive Politics. “Top Organization Contributors.” Opensecrets. May 16, 2017. Accessed November 14, 2017. https://www.opensecrets.org/orgs/list.php?cycle=ALL
  64. Trottman, Melanie, and Brody Mullins. “Union Is Top Spender for Democrats.” The Wall Street Journal. November 01, 2012. Accessed March 06, 2017. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052970204707104578091030386721670
  65. National Institute on Money in State Politics. FollowTheMoney.org. Accessed March 06, 2017. https://www.followthemoney.org/show-me?f-fc=2%2C3&d-par=2351#[{1|gro=c-t-p
  66. Disalvo, Daniel, and Stephen Eide. “The Union That Rules New York.” City Journal. Summer 2015. Accessed March 6, 2017. https://www.city-journal.org/html/union-rules-new-york-13736.html
  67. Wilcox, Derk. “One Perspective: Stealth unionization: The walking dead.” Detroit Legal News. December 14, 2012. Accessed March 31, 2017. http://www.legalnews.com/detroit/1370484
  68. Benschoter, Jana. “Secret ballot to unionize PA home health care workers emerges.” Watchdog.org. April 14, 2015. Accessed March 07, 2017. http://watchdog.org/212092/secret-ballot-unionize-home-health-care-workers/
  69. National Right to Work Foundation. “Federal Lawsuit Slams Oregon SEIU Union Bosses for Illegal Forced-Dues Scheme Violating SCOTUS Ruling.” National Right to Work Foundation. February 15, 2016. Accessed March 07, 2017. http://www.nrtw.org/news/federal-lawsuit-slams-oregon-seiu-union-bosses-for-illegal-forced-dues-scheme-violating-scotus-ruling/
  70. Scheiber, Noam. “Service Union Plans Big Push to Turn Midwest Political Tide.” The New York Times. August 24, 2017. Accessed October 20, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/24/business/economy/seiu-labor-midwest-politics.html.
  71. Dellinger, James, and Karl Crow. “The Ballot Initiative Strategy Center: How It Promotes Big Labor’s Political Strategy.” Labor Watch, April 2008
  72. Service Employees International Union, Annual Report of a Labor Organization (Form LM-2), 2015, Schedule 16
  73. Center for Union Facts. “Raising Your Taxes and Preserving Union Privileges.” SEIU Exposed. 2017. Accessed March 07, 2017. http://www.seiuexposed.com/power-and-politics/raising-your-taxes-and-preserving-union-privileges/
  74. Martin , Tim. “Proposal 4: SEIU union pumps money into Michigan’s home health ballot measure.” MLive.com. October 26, 2012. Accessed March 07, 2017. http://www.mlive.com/politics/index.ssf/2012/10/proposal_4_seiu_union_pumps_mo.html
  75. McMorris, Bill. “SEIU Hit With Second-Biggest Campaign Finance Fine in Michigan History.” Washington Free Beacon. March 18, 2014. Accessed March 07, 2017. http://freebeacon.com/issues/seiu-hit-with-second-biggest-campaign-finance-fine-in-michigan-history/
  76. Savage, David G. “Supreme Court deals blow to unions in SEIU fight over extra dues.” Los Angeles Times. June 21, 2012. Accessed March 07, 2017. http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jun/21/nation/la-na-nn-supreme-court-union-donations-20120621
  77. Torres, Alec. “De Blasio and Friends.” Labor Watch, May 2014.

    http://capitalresearch.org/app/uploads/2014/05/LW1405-final-for-posting-140512.pdf

  78. Torres, Alec. “De Blasio and Friends.” Labor Watch, May 2014.

    http://capitalresearch.org/app/uploads/2014/05/LW1405-final-for-posting-140512.pdf

  79. “24 Hours and 3 Endorsements: HBAD, SEIU Texas and TOP Join Our Campaign.” Sylvester Turner for Mayor. August 19, 2015. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://www.sylvesterturner.com/24-hours-and-3-endorsements-hbad-seiu-texas-and-top-join-our-campaign/
  80. Bailey, Samaria. “Widespread support propels Kenney to nomination.” The Philadelphia Tribune. May 20, 2015. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://www.phillytrib.com/news/widespread-support-propels-kenney-to-nomination/article_d5db582c-fe9e-11e4-9f02-9f55e79700dd.html
  81. Washington Public Disclosure Commission. “Cash Contributions for Yes! For SeaTac.” Accessed March 08, 2017 http://web.pdc.wa.gov/MvcQuerySystem/CommitteeData/contributions?param=U0VBVEdKIDEwNA====&year=2013&type=single
  82. Martin, Jonathan. “Are unions self-dealing with SeaTac minimum wage?” The Seattle Times. November 04, 2013. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://blogs.seattletimes.com/opinionnw/2013/11/04/are-unions-self-dealing-with-seatac-minimum-wage/
  83. MacGillis, Alec. “SEIU and Unite Here end 18-month feud.” The Washington Post. July 27, 2010. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/07/27/AR2010072704560.html
  84. Westwood, Sarah. “A Union Bank with a Goal: Victory for the Left.” Union Watch. November 20, 2016. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://unionwatch.org/a-union-bank-with-a-goal-victory-for-the-left/
  85. Washington Free Beacon Staff. “DNC Debt Update: Union Bank Still Owed $15 Million.” Washington Free Beacon. February 21, 2013. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://freebeacon.com/politics/dnc-debt-update-union-bank-still-owed-15-million/
  86. Scher, Brent. “The Democrats Have a Spending Problem.” Washington Free Beacon. November 23, 2015. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://freebeacon.com/politics/the-democrats-have-a-spending-problem/
  87. Brenner, Mark. “Under Shadow of Corruption Scandals, SEIU Launches Hearings Against Dissidents.” Labor Notes. September 26, 2008. Accessed March 09, 2017. http://labornotes.org/2008/09/under-shadow-corruption-scandals-seiu-launches-hearings-against-dissidents
  88. Branson-Potts, Hailey. “Former SEIU union local president convicted of embezzlement.” Los Angeles Times. January 28, 2013. Accessed March 09, 2017. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2013/01/former-seiu-union-president-convicted-embezzlement.html
  89. Neff, Joseph. “SEANC Executive Director Dana Cope’s spending decisions draw fire.” The News and Observer. February 7, 2015. Accessed March 09, 2017. http://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/state-politics/article10262177.html
  90. Neff, Joseph. “Cope guilty of felonies: ‘Because I am a thief'” The News and Observer. November 17, 2015. Accessed March 09, 2017. http://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/article45232884.html
  91. Kloosterman, Stephen. “‘Financial malpractice’ alleged at Michigan healthcare union.” MLive.com. February 22, 2017. Accessed March 09, 2017. http://www.mlive.com/news/muskegon/index.ssf/2017/02/financial_malpractice_alleged.html
  92. Jamison, Peter. “‘I Can’t Breathe!’ A Nursing Home Patient Called for Help. His Nurse Left Him on the Floor.” The Washington Post. October 29, 2017. Accessed December 07, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/nursing-home-death-prompts-new-questions-for-troubled-united-medical-center/2017/10/29/9b731a9e-b8cd-11e7-a908-a3470754bbb9_story.html?utm_term=.8b2d9f38c417.
  93. Jamison, Peter. “George Washington University Hospital Tapped to Run New Southeast D.C. Hospital.” The Washington Post. August 10, 2018. Accessed December 07, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/george-washington-university-tapped-to-run-new-southeast-dc-hospital/2018/08/09/a1287d90-9c1a-11e8-843b-36e177f3081c_story.html?utm_term=.584be9942029.
  94. Jamison, Peter. “Southeast D.C. Hospital Could Come with a Catch: A New Project in Foggy Bottom.” The Washington Post. November 30, 2018. Accessed December 07, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/southeast-dc-hospital-could-come-with-a-catch-new-project-in-foggy-bottom/2018/11/30/a19929ea-f3f5-11e8-bc79-68604ed88993_story.html?utm_term=.9d624006bfd9.
  95. Jamison, Peter. “George Washington University Hospital Halts Talks for New Hospital in Southeast D.C.” The Washington Post. December 06, 2018. Accessed December 07, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/george-washington-university-hospital-halts-talks-for-new-hospital-in-southeast-dc/2018/12/06/f20eb73c-f909-11e8-863a-8972120646e0_story.html?utm_term=.23b095cbf7b5.
  96. McDonnell, Patrick J. “SEIU picks Mary Kay Henry as president.” Los Angeles Times. May 08, 2010. Accessed March 09, 2017. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/may/08/local/la-me-seiu-20100509
  97. Greenhouse, Steven. “New Union Leader Wants Group to Be More of a Political Powerhouse.” The New York Times. May 08, 2010. Accessed March 10, 2017. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/09/us/politics/09union.html
  98. Vadum, Matthew. “The “Vast Left-wing Conspiracy”: George Soros’s Democracy Alliance remains a potent force in the 2014 elections.” Capital Research Center. October 6, 2014. Accessed March 10, 2017. https://capitalresearch.org/article/the-vast-left-wing-conspiracy-george-soross-democracy-alliance-remains-a-potent-force-in-the-2014-elections/
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  104. Stern, Andy. “Moving towards a universal basic income.” Jobs and Development. April 12, 2016. Accessed March 10, 2017. http://blogs.worldbank.org/jobs/moving-towards-universal-basic-income
  105. “Andy Stern.” Open Society Foundations. Accessed March 10, 2017. https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/people/andy-stern

Directors, Employees & Supporters

  1. Dave Regan
    Vice President
  2. Edgar Romney
    Vice President
  3. Keith Mestrich
    Former CFO
  4. Mary Kay Henry
    International President
  5. John Sweeney
    Former International President
  6. Gerry Hudson
    Secretary-Treasurer
  7. Valarie Long
    Executive Vice President
  8. Rocio Saenz
    Executive Vice President
  9. Neal Bisno
    Executive Vice President
  10. Luisa Blue
    Executive Vice President
  11. Heather Conroy
    Executive Vice President
  12. Leslie Frane
    Executive Vice President
  13. Renee Asher
    Former Director of Special Projects
  14. George Gresham
    Executive Vice President
  15. Anna Burger
    Former Secretary-Treasurer
  16. Marvin Randolph
    Former Regional Political Director
  17. Ken Grossinger
    Former Employee
  18. Andy Stern
    Former International President (President Emeritus)

Donation Recipients

  1. A. Philip Randolph Institute (APRI) (Non-profit)
  2. AARP (Non-profit)
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  17. Ballot Initiative Strategy Center (Non-profit)
  18. Center for American Progress (CAP) (Non-profit)
  19. Center for American Progress Action Fund (CAP Action) (Non-profit)
  20. Center for Community Change (CCC) Action (Non-profit)
  21. Center for Economic and Policy Research (Non-profit)
  22. Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) (Non-profit)
  23. Center for Popular Democracy (CPD) (Non-profit)
  24. Change Corps (Non-profit)
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  26. Committee on States (Other Group)
  27. Congressional Black Caucus Foundation (Non-profit)
  28. Congressional Black Caucus Institute (Non-profit)
  29. Democracy Alliance (DA) (Other Group)
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  40. Fast Food Workers Committee (FFWC) (Labor Union)
  41. Good Jobs Nation (Other Group)
  42. Institute for Asian Pacific American Leadership (Non-profit)
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  44. Jobs With Justice Education Fund (Non-profit)
  45. Keystone Research Center (Non-profit)
  46. League of Conservation Voters (LCV) (Non-profit)
  47. Maine Center for Economic Policy (Non-profit)
  48. Make the Road New York (MRNY) (Non-profit)
  49. Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF) (Non-profit)
  50. Mi Familia Vota (Non-profit)
  51. MoveOn Civic Action (MoveOn.org) (Non-profit)
  52. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (Non-profit)
  53. National Action Network (Non-profit)
  54. National Domestic Workers Alliance (NDWA) (Non-profit)
  55. National Employment Law Project (NELP) (Non-profit)
  56. National Employment Law Project Action Fund (Non-profit)
  57. National Immigration Forum (Non-profit)
  58. National Partnership for New Americans (Non-profit)
  59. National Public Pension Coalition (Non-profit)
  60. National Women’s Law Center (Non-profit)
  61. NEO Philanthropy (Non-profit)
  62. New Venture Fund (Non-profit)
  63. New Virginia Majority (Non-profit)
  64. New York Communities for Change (NYCC) (Non-profit)
  65. Pacific Institute for Community Organizations (PICO National Network) (Non-profit)
  66. People for the American Way (PFAW) Foundation (Non-profit)
  67. People’s Action Institute (Non-profit)
  68. Planned Parenthood Advocacy Fund (Non-profit)
  69. Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) (Non-profit)
  70. Progress Michigan (Non-profit)
  71. Progressive Congress (Non-profit)
  72. Progressive States Network (PSN) (Non-profit)
  73. ProgressNow (Non-profit)
  74. Race Forward (Applied Research Center) (Non-profit)
  75. Register America (Non-profit)
  76. Restaurant Opportunities Centers United (ROC) (Non-profit)
  77. Roosevelt Institute (Non-profit)
  78. SIX Action (Non-profit)
  79. Sixteen Thirty Fund (Non-profit)
  80. SourceWatch (Other Group)
  81. State Innovation Exchange (SIX) (Non-profit)
  82. Tides Center (Non-profit)
  83. Tides Foundation (Non-profit)
  84. UC Berkeley Labor Center (Non-profit)
  85. United Students Against Sweatshops (USAS) (Other Group)
  86. United We Can (Political Party/527)
  87. USAction (Non-profit)
  88. Voto Latino (Non-profit)
  89. Washington Office on Latin America (Non-profit)
  90. Wellstone Action (Non-profit)
  91. William J. Brennan Center for Justice (Non-profit)
  92. Win Justice PAC (Political Party/527)
  93. Workers Organizing Committee of Chicago (Labor Union)
  94. Working Families Organization (WFO) (Non-profit)
  95. Working Families Party (WFP) (Political Party/527)
  96. Working for Us PAC (Political Party/527)
  97. Working Washington (Non-profit)
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Nonprofit Information

  • Accounting Period: December - November
  • Tax Exemption Received: November 1, 1943

  • Available Filings

    Period Form Type Total revenue Total functional expenses Total assets (EOY) Total liabilities (EOY) Unrelated business income? Total contributions Program service revenue Investment income Comp. of current officers, directors, etc. Form 990
    2014 Dec Form 990 $280,911,171 $268,653,068 $175,167,965 $28,552,472 N $0 $262,596,932 $2,175,610 $3,013,752 PDF
    2013 Dec Form 990 $299,195,705 $282,510,507 $163,991,415 $31,249,331 N $0 $289,287,744 $1,645,686 $3,825,844 PDF
    2012 Dec Form 990 $307,310,607 $317,869,822 $128,514,346 $13,385,404 N $0 $296,877,091 $1,894,625 $4,145,591 PDF
    2011 Dec Form 990 $313,328,648 $281,833,023 $146,770,815 $20,735,786 N $0 $295,218,541 $433,175 $3,680,358 PDF

    Additional Filings (PDFs)

    Service Employees International Union (SEIU)

    1800 MASSACHUSETTS AVE NW
    WASHINGTON, DC 20036-1806