Person

Richard Trumka

AFL-CIO portrait of Richard Trumka. (link) by AFL-CIO is licensed CC BY 2.0 (link)
Born:

Richard Louis Trumka

July 24, 1949 in Nemacolin, Pennsylvania

Nationality:

American

Occupation:

President, AFL-CIO

Board member for numerous progressive organizations

AFL-CIO Compensation:

Gross Salary: $272,250

Total Disbursements: $294,537 [27]

Richard Trumka is the president of the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations, better known by its acronym AFL-CIO. Prior to taking office as AFL-CIO president, he served as Secretary-Treasurer of the union federation under John Sweeney, as president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA), and as an attorney for the UMWA. Trumka is highly controversial, with allegations of financial improprieties and strike-related violence following him as he has risen through the ranks.

A third generation coal miner, Trumka took a job in the mines at age 19. After graduating from Pennsylvania State University and law school at Villanova University, he began work as a staff attorney for the United Mine Workers of America in their Washington, DC headquarters. By 1982, he was president of the union, and during his 13-year reign, he built a reputation for outspoken and aggressive action, especially against the management of businesses the UMWA sought to organize. The aggressiveness came to a head in 1993, when Trumka led the UMWA out on strike against Peabody Coal, an action characterized by violence that left one non-union worker, Eddie York, dead of a gunshot wound.[1]

Later, after becoming chief lieutenant to John Sweeney at the AFL-CIO, Trumka was accused of directing $150,000 in union funds to the election campaign of Ron Carey, who was running for the office of president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT). Trumka took the Fifth during the investigation and ultimately avoided charges, although the AFL-CIO changed its financial practices to prevent further such schemes.[2]

United Mine Workers Career

After completing law school, Trumka went to work as a staff attorney for the coal miners’ union, the United Mine Workers of America. By 1982, Trumka had been elected president of the union, a position he would hold until 1995.[3]

In 1989, Trumka led a strike against Pittston Coal Company following a dispute over health care and pension benefits. The strike led to substantial civil disobedience, with allegations of substantial violence and intimidation. Strikers and associated outlaw “wildcat strikers” allegedly spread bent-nail devices on roads.[4] Union members were charged with throwing rocks at non-striking employees and company vehicles.[5] A Pittston coal truck driver was wounded by fire from a shotgun.[6]

In 1993, Trumka ordered 17,000 workers to walk off jobs with Peabody Coal, reportedly telling strikers to “kick the shit” out of employers and workers who resisted the union.[7] Strikers reportedly vandalized homes, shot at a mine office, and cut power to another mine, temporarily trapping 93 miners underground.[8]

During the wave of violence, a nonunion heavy equipment operator named Eddie York was shot in the back and killed as he attempted to drive past strikers. Those who tried to help York were pelted with rocks. Instead of denouncing the horrific incident, Trumka declared, “I’m saying if you strike a match and put your finger in, common sense tells you you’re going to burn your finger.”[9] York’s widow sued the union for $27 million, naming Trumka as one of the co-defendants. The case was settled out of court in 1997.

Secretary-Treasurer of the AFL-CIO

As United Mine Workers president, Trumka became a close ally of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) president John Sweeney, who ran a left-wing campaign to take the AFL-CIO presidency from the center-left administration of Tom Donohue, the successor to Lane Kirkland. A member of Sweeney’s victorious candidate slate, Trumka was elected AFL-CIO secretary-treasurer—the union’s second-highest-ranking officer—in 1995.

Trumka embroiled the federation in controversy shortly after taking office.  Trumka was close to Ron Carey, the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters who had brought the exiled Teamsters back into the AFL-CIO fold and who was locked in a re-election battle with James Hoffa, Jr. Corruption scandals surrounding the election resulted in the vote being invalidated by federal regulators. Carey was removed from office, expelled from the union, and charged by federal investigators (though he was acquitted at his criminal trial).[10]

Trumka was implicated in the money-laundering and kickback scandals that enveloped Carey and led to his expulsion from office. He allegedly snuck $150,000 in union funds to Citizen Action, a progressive organizing group, which then shuffled $100,000 of the money on to Carey’s campaign consultants. Under questioning from federal investigators, Trumka took the Fifth.[11]

Under pre-1997 AFL-CIO rules, union officers who took the Fifth Amendment were obligated to resign their posts. However, Sweeney had the rules changed so that Trumka could remain in office despite taking the Fifth Amendment in the Carey investigations.[12] Amid the fallout from the Carey affair, Trumka reduced his public profile substantially.[13]

He re-emerged on the national scene as a cheerleader for the presidential campaign of then-Senator Barack Obama (D-Illinois). While the AFL-CIO did not endorse Obama for president until it was clear that he would be the Democratic nominee, by the United Steelworkers convention in July Trumka was already shaming union members inclined to vote against the Democratic candidate. “We can’t tap dance around the fact that there are a lot of white folks out there…(who) just can’t get past this idea that there’s something wrong with voting for a black man.”[14] He later added, “There’s not a single good reason for any worker—especially any union member—to vote against Barack Obama […] There’s only one really, really bad reason to vote against him: because he’s not white.”[15]

AFL-CIO Presidency

On Sept. 16, 2009, Trumka accepted the presidency of the AFL-CIO at the federation’s convention in Pittsburgh. In his acceptance speech, Trumka laid out an aggressive and ambitious progressive agenda.

Pushing proposed card check legislation (known as the Employee Free Choice Act), Trumka vowed, “I swear to you that, come hell or high water, we will win […] and bring unionism to every worker in the United States.”[16] He called for more pension, education and child care benefits, higher taxes on high income earners, strict financial regulation, and protectionism.[17]

Trumka pushed for an aggressive healthcare reform, calling it “the cornerstone of any progressive economic agenda.”[18] While vowing to help President Obama pass whatever bill might come forward, Trumka also emphasized that to be truly worthy of union support, any final health care bill would have to include a government-run plan, or public option.

Trumka’s agenda saw mixed results during the period of total Democratic control during President Obama’s first term. The Democrats passed a healthcare reform that became Obamacare, but it did not include a government-controlled healthcare plan. The card check legislation, which would have eased unionization by effectively eliminating secret-ballot votes in union organizing, failed, despite being a higher AFL-CIO priority. Administration appointments favored labor more obviously: Obama appointed Hilda Solis to be Secretary of Labor and nominated two union lawyers, Craig Becker and Mark Pearce, to tilt the balance on the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).

Despite unhappiness with the Democrats’ failure to pass a public option and enact “card check,” the AFL-CIO launched 200,000 volunteers in a multi-faceted effort called “Labor 2010” to re-elect Democrats.[19] Trumka has continued the aggressive Democratic partnership in subsequent election cycles, with major contributions to Democratic efforts in the 2012, 2014, and 2016 elections.

That support earned Trumka substantial face-time with the Obama administration. Through 2011, White House visitor logs showed Trumka made at least 48 visits to the White House, with two face-to-face meetings with President Obama and one meeting with Vice President Joe Biden.[20]

Trumka has represented the AFL-CIO at meetings of the liberal donor conclave Democracy Alliance. He spoke on a panel on economic policy in 2010.[21] Trumka also made an appearance at a Democracy Alliance meeting in 2014.[22] The AFL-CIO is a substantial contributor to the Democracy Alliance, with records showing the union federation contributing $116,546 to the group in its 2016 fiscal year.[23]

Board Affiliations

In addition his position as president of the AFL-CIO, Trumka sits on the board of directors of numerous progressive groups. Trumka sits on the boards of numerous AFL-CIO affiliated groups, such as the American Center for International Labor Solidarity, the Working For America Institute, Union Plus, and Working America.[24] Other labor-aligned groups have Trumka on their boards: The Union Sportsmen’s Alliance, Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, Economic Policy Institute, United Seamen’s Service, Union Labor Life Insurance Company (ULLICO), and Citizens for Tax Justice all see Trumka sit on their boards.[25] Trumka is a named board member of left-wing economic policy agitation group Jobs With Justice, although he is represented by proxy.[26]

 

References

  1. Malkin, Michelle. “Big Labor’s Legacy of Violence.” National Review Online. September 3, 2010. Accessed October 21, 2016. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/245597/big-labors-legacy-violence-michelle-malkin
  2. Greenhouse, Steven. “Combative Union Leader Steps from Shadows.” July 2, 2009. Accessed October 7, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/03/business/03labor.html
  3. Greenhouse, Steven. “Combative Union Leader Steps from Shadows.” July 2, 2009. Accessed October 7, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/03/business/03labor.html
  4. Klein, Philip. “Labor’s Monster Man.” Capital Research Center. December 2010. Accessed October 12, 2016. https://capitalresearch.org/2010/12/labors-monster-man/
  5. Associated Press. “Violence in Coal Strike Is Increasing.” The New York Times. September 5, 1989. Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/09/05/us/violence-in-coal-strike-is-increasing.html
  6. Hinds, Michael DeCourcy. “Bitter Coal Strike May Be at End, but Ripples From Dispute Are Widely Felt.” The New York Times. December 23, 1989. Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/12/23/us/bitter-coal-strike-may-be-at-end-but-ripples-from-dispute-are-widely-felt.html
  7. Horowitz, Carl. “AFL-CIO’s Trumka Denounces Town Meeting ‘Mobs,’ Ignores His Own.” National Legal and Policy Center. August 7, 2009. Accessed October 21, 2016. http://nlpc.org/2009/08/07/afl-cios-trumka-denounces-town-meeting-mobs-ignores-his-own/
  8. Horowitz, Carl. “AFL-CIO’s Trumka Denounces Town Meeting ‘Mobs,’ Ignores His Own.” National Legal and Policy Center. August 7, 2009. Accessed October 21, 2016. http://nlpc.org/2009/08/07/afl-cios-trumka-denounces-town-meeting-mobs-ignores-his-own/
  9. “Incoming AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka: An Ugly History of Violence and Corruption.” National Right to Work Legal Defense Fund. 2009. Accessed October 21, 2016. http://www.nrtw.org/files/nrtw/Trumka Fact Sheet.pdf
  10. Greenhouse, Steven. “Ron Carey, Who Led Teamsters Reforms, Dies at 72.” The New York Times. December 13, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/13/us/13carey.html
  11. Safire, William. “Labor Takes the Fifth.” November 26, 1997. Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/11/26/opinion/essay-labor-takes-the-fifth.html
  12. Novak, Robert D. “Silence, Solidarity and Richard Trumka.” The Washington Post. January 13, 2000. Accessed October 24, 2016. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/2000/01/13/silence-solidarity-and-richard-trumka/878c9fb6-0e43-4eff-88a9-98c2a54fef36/
  13. Dean, Amy. “A Bigger Tent.” Boston Review. February 2, 2015. Accessed October 24, 2016. https://bostonreview.net/books-ideas/amy-dean-richard-trumka-labor-movement
  14. Dean, Amy. “A Bigger Tent.” Boston Review. February 2, 2015. Accessed October 24, 2016. https://bostonreview.net/books-ideas/amy-dean-richard-trumka-labor-movement
  15. Stern, Andrew. “Labor Leaders Back Obama, but Will Members?” The Washington Post. August 8, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/08/AR2007080801427_pf.html
  16. Trumka, Richard. “AFL-CIO 2009 Convention Acceptance Speech.” C-SPAN.org. September 16, 2009. Accessed October 25, 2016. https://www.c-span.org/video/?288957-1/aflcio-2009-convention
  17. Trumka, Richard. “AFL-CIO 2009 Convention Acceptance Speech.” C-SPAN.org. September 16, 2009. Accessed October 25, 2016. https://www.c-span.org/video/?288957-1/aflcio-2009-convention
  18. Trumka, Richard. “AFL-CIO 2009 Convention Acceptance Speech.” C-SPAN.org. September 16, 2009. Accessed October 25, 2016. https://www.c-span.org/video/?288957-1/aflcio-2009-convention
  19. Klein, Philip. “Labor’s Monster Man.” Capital Research Center. December 2010. Accessed October 12, 2016. https://capitalresearch.org/2010/12/labors-monster-man/
  20. Schulte, Fred. “White House Visitor Logs Riddled with Holes.” Center for Public Integrity. April 13, 2011. Accessed October 26, 2016. https://www.publicintegrity.org/2011/04/13/4115/white-house-visitor-logs-riddled-holes
  21. Taylor, Jessica, and Kenneth P. Vogel. “Crashing Big Dem Donors’ Meeting.” POLITICO. November 16, 2010. Accessed October 26, 2016. http://www.politico.com/story/2010/11/crashing-big-dem-donors-meeting-045260
  22. Goodman, Alana. “Security Tight at Secretive Democracy Alliance Meeting.” Washington Free Beacon. May 1, 2014. Accessed October 26, 2016. http://freebeacon.com/politics/security-tight-at-secretive-democracy-alliance-meeting/
  23. AFL-CIO, Department of Labor Annual Report (Form LM-2), 2016
  24. IRS Forms 990, American Center for International Labor Solidarity, Working America and Working for America Institute, 2014; “Board of Directors.” Union Privilege. Accessed October 26, 2016. https://www.unionplus.org/about-union-plus/board-of-directors
  25. IRS Forms 990; Union Sportsmen’s Alliance, Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, Citizens for Tax Justice, Economic Policy Institute, and Citizens for Tax Justice, 2014. “Board of Directors.” ULLICO. Accessed October 26, 2016. http://www.ullico.com/about-ullico/corporate-governance/board-directors
  26. “About Us – Jobs With Justice.” Jobs With Justice. 2016. Accessed October 27, 2016. http://www.jwj.org/about-us
  27. AFL-CIO, Labor Organization Annual Report (Form LM-2), 2016, Schedule 11
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