Immigrant Justice Corps (IJC) is a non-profit organization that trains attorneys to represent defendants in U.S. immigration proceedings and places them in two-year fellowships with legal groups that advocate for increased legal immigration and other liberal expansionist immigration policies. Immigrant Justice Corps receives several million dollars a year in funding from largely left-of-center foundations and donors, including Bloomberg Philanthropies, the Robin Hood Foundation, JPB Foundation, and the Carnegie Corporation of New York. 
Immigrant Justice Corps has its roots in a 2007 speech given by Robert Katzmann, now-chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, calling for increased pro bono representation of persons in immigration courts. (Unlike criminal defendants, the government does not provide attorneys to indigent defendants in immigration courts.) Katzmann argued for increasing pro bono representation in immigration courts “because there is a wide disparity in the success rate of those who have lawyers and those who proceed pro se [without legal representation]. For example, several studies have shown that asylum seekers are much more likely to be granted asylum when they are represented in immigration proceedings.” 
Judge Katzmann later convened a study group that developed a proposal to create IJC, and has served on its board since the group’s founding. Katzmann was assisted by Nisha Agarwal, who later served as Commissioner of the Mayor’s Office of Immigrant Affairs under New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg (I, later D).  The group was founded with seed money from the Robin Hood Foundation, which has given IJC nearly $8 million since 2014. 
Immigrant Justice Corps trains “justice fellows,” law school graduates who represent defendants in deportation and asylum proceedings in U.S. immigration courts and before the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services agency. IJC fielded 27 Justice Fellows in its 2019 class from law schools such as Harvard, New York University, University of Pennsylvania, Boston University, and Yale. These fellows spend two years deployed with community groups that provide representation to immigrants.  The group also trains “community fellows,” non-lawyers who can represent immigrants in certain administrative hearings and also assist community organizations that organize immigrant communities for political action. 
Besides representing individual defendants, IJC fellows has been active in broader-based challenges to U.S. immigration policy, especially after the Trump Administration took actions such as revoking the Obama administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) legal-status program and directing asylum seekers to be detained at the border. IJC is among several nonprofits that has organized resistance to U.S. immigration policies at a national level, especially the detention of asylum seekers at U.S. borders, and has filed friend of the court briefs challenging administration policies.  IJC fellows consulted with travelers and families at airports after the Trump administration limited entry into the country from certain majority-Muslim countries.  IJC also sent attorneys on two-week rotations to an ICE detention camp in Karnes City, Texas, where immigrants were being detained prior to hearings before immigration judges. 
Besides the Robin Hood Foundation, IJC has received multi-million gifts from a number of largely left-of-center foundations. These gifts include approximately $1.25 million over two years from the Bernard and Anne Spitzer Charitable Trust; $1 million over two years from the Leon Levy Foundation; and $4 million over two years from the Bloomberg Family Foundation, funded by former New York City mayor and 2020 Democratic presidential candidate Michael Bloomberg.  IJC has also received much smaller grants from the William E. Simon Foundation.