Issue One Action is the lobbying branch of Issue One, a left-leaning organization that promotes restrictions on election-related speech activity and supports The ReFormers Caucus, a group of former legislators who lobby congress in that vein. Issue One Action supports a parallel caucus within congress: The Congressional Reformers Caucus. Members of this parallel caucus promote Issue One Action-supported legislation. Both organizations share Nick Penniman, a progressive activist and former executive director and cofounder of the Huffington Post Investigative Fund, as their president and CEO.
Issue One, Issue One Action’s parent organization, is a 501(c)(3) founded in 2014 as the result of a merger between two left-leaning organizations: the Fund For The Republic and Americans For Campaign Reform.  Early financial support for the organization came from the Democracy Alliance, a coalition of left-of-center political donors. Within a year of its founding, the Alliance coordinated $1.6 million in financial support for the organization. 
Issue One’s main activities include running issue advocacy campaigns broadly advocating for restricting election-related speech activity and making grants to similarly aligned organizations.  Among the left-of-center organizations that have received grants from Issue One are the League of Conservation Voters Education Fund, the Center for American Progress, and the Common Cause Education Fund. 
Issue One works with former members of Congress to advocate for speech restriction. Former legislators associated with the so-called “ReFormers Caucus” include former Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD), Obama administration Secretary of Defense and former Sen. Chuck Hagel (R-NE), left-wing former U.S. Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ), and moderate Republican former Sen. John Danforth (R-MO). 
Issue One Action supports The Congressional Reformers Caucus, which takes its inspiration from Issue One’s The ReFormers Caucus. Its Co-chairs are Reps. Kathleen Rice (D-NY), Ken Buck (R-CO), Derek Kilmer (D-WA), and Mike Gallagher (R-WI). According to Issue One Action’s promotional material for the group, its parent organization supports the caucus by “providing advice, policy expertise, and public recognition.” 
Issue One Action supports the Honest Ads Act a substantial curtailment of political speech rights. It would expand the definition of “public communications” under the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, extending existing campaign disclosure and finance restrictions and requirements to digital news articles, blogs, and other forms of digital media not currently enumerated within the bill. 
Nick Penniman is the President and CEO of Issue One Action and its parent organization Issue One. Previously, Penniman was the executive Director of the Huffington Post Investigative Fund, which he cofounded in 2009 with Arianna Huffington, founder of the Huffington Post. In 2005 and 2006, Penniman was the publisher of the liberal magazine Washington Monthly. Penniman has also held editorial positions at the left-leaning publications American Prospect and Lincoln Journal.