Non-profit

International City/County Management Association

Website:

icma.org/

Location:

WASHINGTON, DC

Tax ID:

36-2167755

Tax-Exempt Status:

501(c)(3)

Budget (2017):

Revenue: $34,378,154
Expenses: $31,888,896
Assets: $21,378,557

Formation:

1914

Type:

Municipal Government Association, Left-Leaning

President:

Jane Brautigam, City Manager, Boulder, Colorado

President-Elect:

James Malloy, Town Manager, Lexington, Massachusetts

Executive Director:

Marc Ott

The International City/County Management Association (ICMA) is a leadership and management organization for municipal and local government civil servants around the world. [1] ICMA promotes the “council-manager” governance approach for cities and counties. [2] Under a council-manager government, executive power is exercised by a civil servant (the city manager) appointed by an elected city council; a mayor may be appointed from the members of the city council or elected directly, but he or she exercises no more power than other city councilors. [3]

Through funding partners, such as federal agencies, ICMA provides services to local governments including consulting and expertise on fundamental and leading local government management practices in the U.S. and around the world. [4]

ICMA also provides both professional and educational services for members[5] through a variety of services, including print and digital media, survey projects, research projects, professional development, consultation, and outreach. [6]

Founding and History

In 1908, the city of Staunton, Virginia appointed Charles Ashburner as the first city manager in American municipal government. When there were approximately 40 managers working in cities across the United States, they formed the City Manager’s Association in 1914. In 1924, the association changed its name to International City Manager’s Association to reflect the presence of Canadian managers who began attending their conferences. The name was changed again in 1969, to The International City Management Association (ICMA), to include chief administrative officers appointed by mayors as well as professionals working in county management, in order that members no longer had to be required to commit to the council-manager plan, which up to that point had been a required criterion for membership. In 1991, ICMA changed its name again to explicitly recognize the involvement of county managers in its membership. [7]

The council-manager style of local governance is the most widely used institutional form of municipal government in the United States today. It is most common in medium sized cities in the South and West. A full-time city manager, a professional civil servant, is then hired by the council to manage the day-to-day operations of municipal government. Duties include developing a budget for the council’s consideration and the coordination of personnel matters related to municipal employees. San Antonio, Texas and Phoenix, Arizona are the two largest cities that utilize this form. [8]

Advocacy

To achieve its goals ICMA focuses on developing and disseminating educational materials[9] to influence local government professionals[10] and young people. [11] In addition, it collects, highlights, and disseminates examples of successful council-manager government. [12]

For example, ICMA used statistics, research, and data to develop a number of opinion pieces that advocated the retention of the city authority in San Antonio, Texas. It did the same for retention and adoption efforts of the council-manager form of government in Clearwater, Florida, and Amherst, Massachusetts. [13]

In 2018, ICMA hired a media relations agency to pitch its content to national and trade publications. [14][15] It also develops annual policy white papers. [16] ICMA focuses much of its research on topics such as policing strategies, smart cities, cybersecurity, and diversity and inclusion issues. [17][18]

Publication Management is ICMA’s official magazine dedicated to public sector professionals. [19] Another top priority of ICMA is to engage in extensive outreach to keep leaders up to date on leading practices, emerging issues and research and survey results through a wide variety of channels. [20] ICMA has produced the United Front and Local Gov Life podcasts,[21] developed social media and marketing campaigns,[22] and awarded scholarships for individuals to attend regional conferences. [23] ICMA has sponsored events on popular issues across numerous college campuses and also coordinates professional development programs, which are a significant part of ICMA’s revenue generating capabilities. [24]

Professional development is key to ICMA’s efforts of building and maintaining their membership base. [25] ICMA caters to individuals at all stages of their careers. [26] The organization has offered scholarships to students[27] and individuals early in their local government careers,[28] as well as to some of their members,[29] for attending conferences to develop local governance expertise. The ICMA University program offers an array of leadership and professional development opportunities for senior- and mid-level executives[30] and for less experienced individualsinterested in local government professions. [31]  ICMA’s professional development programs are wide-ranging and even free in some instances, meant to attract local government professionals to ICMA. [32] Programming includes fellowships for master’s students looking to enter the industry, several leadership institutes, a national coaching program, a mentoring program[33], certification and credentialing opportunities, learning labs, and a sizable conference track encompassing the globe to showcase experts and cover a litany of popular issues related to local government. [34]

Finances

Assets/Revenue

The majority of ICMA’s money comes from grants and program service dues. Grant totals in FY 2017 were recorded as $13.6 million down from $20 million the previous year. [35] Over a period of five years, ICMA received almost $84 million in total grant contributions. [36]

FY 2019 total operating revenues were $32.3 million. [37] Grants and contracts revenue budgeted at $13.2 million, which is similar to FY 2017 totals and FY 2018 projections. [38]

In FY 2019, revenue excluding grants and contracts amounted to $19.1 million, with membership dues, professional development and rents and royalties bringing in the most. [39]

“Envision ICMA” is the foundation on which ICMA’s budget is developed. They have begun implementing a strategic partnership with Corporater,[40] a business management platform, to digitize ICMA’s management system and track the budget’s progress against the strategic goals of Envision. [41]

Spending/Expenses

ICMA spent $132,370 on grants to other organizations for indirect lobbying purposes in FY 2017. [42] ICMA also responded to requests for financial assistance from resident groups that are involved in form of government adoption and retention efforts. [43]

Salaries and other expenses make up the bulk of ICMA’s spending, amounting to $26.9 million[44] out of $29.5 million of ICMA’s total revenue in FY 2017. [45] Besides salary, the biggest expenses include occupancy, travel, field office expenses, conferences, employee benefits, other salaries and wages, and other fees for services from non-employees. [46] The total program service expenses in FY 2017 amount to $20.1 million. [47]

Total operating expenses for FY 2019 was $31.8 million. [48] FY 2019 total expenses excluding grants and contracts was $19.5 million, with organizational support, member support and professional development leading. [49]

References

  1. Guide Star. International City County Management Association. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://greatnonprofits.org/whitelabel/reviews/international-city-county-management-association ^
  2. Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990, Schedule C. Part IV: Supplemental Information, Explanation of Part II-B Line 1. ^
  3. Ballotpedia. “Council-Manager Government” May 14, 2020. Accessed June 09, 2020. https://ballotpedia.org/Council-manager_government ^
  4. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4A. ^
  5. Connelly, David R. Center for the Study of Federalism. “International City/County Management Association” Archived 2006. Accessed June 8, 2020. http://encyclopedia.federalism.org/index.php/International_City/County_Management_Association ^
  6. Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4C. ^
  7. Wheeland, Craig M. CQ Press “Urban Politics and Policy in the United States.” p. 154, Ch. 14. Feb. 11, 2016. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://books.google.com/books?id=h4yTCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA154&lpg=PA154&dq=Charles+Ashburner,+ICMA&source=bl&ots=Vb2Apbg-ey&sig=ACfU3U2sLuNr0mk79VSwr5Da-j-gHCAMpg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwirvoTOj_XpAhURSjABHVCEANcQ6AEwBXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=city%20manager’s%20association&f=false ^
  8. Palus, Christine Kelleher. CQ Press “Urban Politics and Policy in the United States.” p. 129, Ch. 11. Feb. 11, 2016. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://books.google.com/books?id=h4yTCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA154&lpg=PA154&dq=Charles+Ashburner,+ICMA&source=bl&ots=Vb2Apbg-ey&sig=ACfU3U2sLuNr0mk79VSwr5Da-j-gHCAMpg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwirvoTOj_XpAhURSjABHVCEANcQ6AEwBXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false ^
  9. International City County Management Association, Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990, Schedule C. Part IV: Supplemental Information, Explanation of PART II-B, LINE 1. ^
  10. Guide Star. International City County Management Association. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://greatnonprofits.org/whitelabel/reviews/international-city-county-management-association ^
  11. International City County Management Association, Supplemental Information to Form 990, Calendar Year 2017. 990 Schedule O, Supplemental Information. Explanation of Part III, Line 4B. ^
  12. International City County Management Association, Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990, Schedule C. Part IV: Supplemental Information, Explanation of Part II-B Line 1. ^
  13. Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990, Schedule C. Part IV: Supplemental Information, Explanation of Part II-B Line 1. ^
  14. Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax. Calendar Year 2017. Part III: Statement of Program Service Accomplishments, Section 4d. ^
  15. Guide Star. International City County Management Association. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://greatnonprofits.org/whitelabel/reviews/international-city-county-management-association ^
  16. “White Papers” ICMA.org. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://icma.org/white-papers ^
  17. Guide Star. International City County Management Association. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://greatnonprofits.org/whitelabel/reviews/international-city-county-management-association ^
  18. Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part III: Statement of Program Service Accomplishments, Section 4d. ^
  19. “PM Magazine” ICMA.org. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://icma.org/pm-magazine ^
  20. Guide Star. International City County Management Association. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://greatnonprofits.org/whitelabel/reviews/international-city-county-management-association ^
  21. “Multimedias” ICMA.org. Accessed June 9, 2020. https://icma.org/multimedias?page=1 ^
  22. Supplemental Information to Form 990. Calendar Year 2017. 990 Schedule O, Supplemental Information. Explanation of Part III, Line 4B. ^
  23. Supplemental Information to Form 990. Calendar Year 2017. 990 Schedule O, Supplemental Information. Explanation of Part III, Line 4B. ^
  24. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. “Budget Overview” Figure 2: FY2019 Budgeted Sources Of Revenue. p.4 ^
  25. Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4C. ^
  26. Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4C. ^
  27. Supplemental Information to Form 990. Calendar Year 2017. 990 Schedule O, Supplemental Information. Explanation of Part III, Line 4B. ^
  28. Grants and Other Assistance to Organizations, Governments and Individuals in the United States, Calendar Year 2017. Part IV: Supplemental Information, Explanation of Part I, Line 2. ^
  29. Supplemental Information to Form 990. Calendar Year 2017. 990 Schedule O, Supplemental Information. Explanation of Part III, Line 4A. ^
  30. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4C. ^
  31. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4C ^
  32. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4B. ^
  33. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Explanation of Part III, Line 4C. ^
  34. “Leadership Development Programs” ICMA.org. Accessed June 10, 2020 https://icma.org/leadership-development-programs ^
  35. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part I: Summary, Lines 8-12: Revenue. ^
  36. International City County Management Association, Public Charity Status and Public Support, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part III: Support Schedule for Organizations Described in Section 509(a)(2), Section A., Column e and f. ^
  37. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. Transmittal Letter. (p.1) ^
  38. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. “Budget Overview” (Budget Assumptions) Revenue Estimates. p.6 ^
  39. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. “Budget Overview” Figure 4: FY2019 Budget Summary. p.5 ^
  40. “Solutions” (Overview) Corporater.com. Accessed June 11, 2020 https://corporater.com/en/business-solutions/overview/ ^
  41. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. Transmittal Letter. (p.2) ^
  42. Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990, Schedule C. Part II-B, Line f. ^
  43. Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990, Schedule C.  Part IV: Supplemental Information, Explanation of Part II-B, Line 1. ^
  44. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part I: Summary, Line 15 and 17: Expenses. ^
  45. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part I: Summary, Line 12: Revenue. ^
  46. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part IX: Statement of Functional Expenses, Lines 9, 7, 11a-g, 16-17, 19, 24b.    ^
  47. International City County Management Association, Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Calendar Year 2017. Form 990. Part III: Statement of Program Service Accomplishments, Line 4e. ^
  48. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. Transmittal Letter. (p.1) ^
  49. ICMA FY 2019 Budget Report. “Budget Overview” Figure 4: FY2019 Budget Summary. p.5 ^
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Nonprofit Information

  • Accounting Period: June - May
  • Tax Exemption Received: April 1, 1933

  • Available Filings

    Period Form Type Total revenue Total functional expenses Total assets (EOY) Total liabilities (EOY) Unrelated business income? Total contributions Program service revenue Investment income Comp. of current officers, directors, etc. Form 990
    2017 Jun Form 990 $34,378,154 $31,888,896 $21,378,557 $8,898,983 Y $20,001,765 $11,786,923 $789,950 $1,642,039 PDF
    2016 Jun Form 990 $33,437,721 $31,622,194 $19,818,800 $9,836,625 Y $20,114,072 $12,139,976 $648,344 $1,364,182
    2015 Jun Form 990 $24,650,295 $24,898,372 $15,057,789 $6,949,814 Y $11,663,124 $11,323,901 $634,070 $1,563,791 PDF
    2014 Jun Form 990 $32,675,697 $33,238,190 $15,570,124 $7,387,533 Y $18,604,016 $12,242,104 $522,955 $1,836,998 PDF
    2013 Jun Form 990 $33,991,959 $33,463,293 $16,443,151 $7,783,734 Y $20,772,758 $11,438,309 $600,578 $990,841 PDF
    2012 Jun Form 990 $34,360,797 $33,160,760 $14,535,932 $6,429,168 Y $21,782,432 $10,846,229 $595,491 $946,130 PDF
    2011 Jun Form 990 $32,446,123 $31,070,916 $14,096,912 $7,207,116 Y $1,380,971 $29,127,920 $628,858 $1,080,870 PDF

    Additional Filings (PDFs)

    International City/County Management Association

    777 N CAPITOL ST NE STE 500
    WASHINGTON, DC 20002-4290