The First Peoples Fund is a left-of-center grantmaking organization that supports Native American artists and related organizations.
The First Peoples Fund was founded in 1995 in Rapid City, South Dakota as a donor-advised fund operated by the Tides Foundation.  The First Peoples Fund became an independent community foundation in 2003. 
The First Peoples Fund provides year-long fellowships for artists or persons who practice Native American, Native Alaskan, or Native Hawaiian crafts and are members of a recognized tribe.  The Fund also provides training and microgrants to Native Americans seeking to develop arts-based businesses through a series of workshops.  The workshops especially focus on marketing and business development skills. 
The Fund also supports Native American, Alaskan, and Hawaiian community organizations through its Indigenous Arts Ecology grant program. 
The First Peoples Fund has also been involved in advocacy in support of left-of-center political causes. Founder Jennifer Easton — who was not Native American — said that she founded the Fund after a “powerful dream” in which she was “standing between two groups of people—the Cavalry on one side and the Warriors on the other.” Easton described the “cavalry” as a group of white people who were “doing the wrong thing” and claims that “At the end of the dream, I turned and walked toward the Native people.” Easton has said that the Fund was “[her] personal way of apologizing” for “so much the U.S. government has done wrong when it comes to Natives.” 
In 2020, the Fund joined other groups organized by the left-wing Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights to call for Congress to authorize an extension of door-to-door counting as part of the 2020 U.S. Census. 
In 2020, the First Peoples Fund received $1.25 million from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation as part of an emergency grantmaking program to support artists and arts organizations impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.  The same year, the Fund received $500,000 from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation for a “national field scan” of Native American arts organizations. 
Since 2004, the First Peoples Fund has received more than $3.3 million from the Bush Foundation, a Minnesota-based foundation that has a substantial giving focus on American Indian causes.  In 2014, the First Peoples Fund won the Bush Prize for Community Innovation, awarded to persons or groups with “a track record of successful community problem solving.”