Legislation

Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 (Taft-Hartley Act)

Obverse of the Great Seal of the United States. (link)
Long Title:

An Act to amend the National Labor Relations Act, to provide additional facilities for the mediation of labor disputes affecting commerce, to equalize legal responsibilities of labor organizations and employers, and for other purposes.

Other Name:

Taft-Hartley Act

Congress:

80th Congress

Vetoed By:

Harry S. Truman

June 20, 1947

Veto Overridden:

In House, 331-83

In Senate, 68-25

Effective June 23, 1947

Related Agencies:

National Labor Relations Board

Amended:

National Labor Relations Act

Amended By:

Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959

United States Code:

29 U.S.C. ch. 7 §§ 141-197

The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, better known as the “Taft-Hartley Act” after its sponsors, U.S. Rep. Fred Hartley (R-N.J.) and U.S. Sen. Robert Taft (R-Ohio), made a series of amendments to the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act). While its best-known provision is a state option to enact a “right-to-work law” which prohibits compulsory agency fee provisions in private-sector workplaces, Taft-Hartley made a number of other changes to labor law including prohibiting secondary pickets and jurisdictional strikes, allowing employers to advocate against unionization, and banning Communists from labor union leadership (a provision later invalidated by the Supreme Court).

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