Government Agency

Biden Administration

Years:

2021-Present

Preceded By:

Trump Administration

Contents

The administration of President Joe Biden, a Democrat, began on January 20, 2021. It succeeded the Trump administration after Biden defeated Republican President Donald Trump in the 2020 Presidential Election.

President and Vice President

Joe Biden is the President of the United States.

Kamala Harris is the Vice President of the United States.

Jill Biden is the First Lady of the United States.

Douglas Emhoff is the Second Gentleman of the United States.

Department of Agriculture

Tom Vilsack is Secretary of Agriculture. He formerly served as Secretary of Agriculture during the Obama Administration, and was the 40th Governor of Iowa.[1] He has served as President and CEO of the U.S. Dairy Export Council,[2] and on the Board of Directors of Feeding America.[3]

Jewel H. Bronaugh is Deputy Secretary of Agriculture. She formerly served as Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services since 2018. Before that, she was Executive Director of the Center of Agricultural Research, Engagement and Outreach at Virginia State University, Virginia State Executive Director for the USDA Farm Service Agency, and Dean of the College of Agriculture at Virginia State University.[4]

Janie Simms Hipp is General Counsel at the Department of Agriculture. She was most recently Chief Executive Officer of the Native American Agriculture Fund, and before that was the founding director of the Indigenous Food and Agriculture Initiative at the University of Arkansas. She also formerly served as a national program leader at the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and as director of the Office of Tribal Relations.[5]

Department of Commerce

Gina Raimondo is Secretary of Commerce. She most recently served as the 75th Governor of Rhode Island.[6] Before that, she served as the state’s Treasurer from 2011-2015, and co-founded the venture capital firm Point Judith Capital.[7]

Don Graves is Deputy Secretary of Commerce. He was most recently Head of Corporate Responsibility and Community Relations at KeyBank until September 2020.[8] Prior to joining KeyBank, Graves was a Counselor and Domestic and Economic Policy Director for then-Vice President Joe Biden. He was also appointed by the Obama Administration as Executive Director of the President’s Council on Jobs and Competitiveness, and served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Small Business, Community Development and Housing Policy at the U.S. Department of the Treasury.[9] He is also the former Director of Public Policy for the Business Roundtable.[10] Graves has served as a board member at the Community Reinvestment Fund, USA, the MetroHealth Foundation,[11], the Biden Institute at the University of Delaware,[12] and Jumpstart.[13]

Leslie Kiernan is General Counsel of the Department of Commerce. She was formerly the founder and managing partner at Kiernan PLLC.[14] During the Obama Administration, she served as Deputy Counsel to the President from 2011 to 2014, and as a senior advisor to the U.S. Mission to the United Nations.[15] She has served as a member of the boards of the Children’s Law Center, the Children’s National Medical Center, and the D.C. Public Defender Service.[16]

Michele Chang is Deputy Assistant Secretary of Policy at the U.S. Economic Development Administration. She most recently served as executive director of the Rework America Business Network at the Markle Foundation. During the Obama Administration, she served as acting chief of staff and deputy chief of staff at the U.S. Small Business Administration. Before that, she worked at McKinsey & Company, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and Hope Street Group.[17]

Department of Defense

Gen. Lloyd Austin is the Secretary of Defense. He is a retired four-star general in the United States Army, formerly serving as the 12th Commander of United States Central Command, as Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, and as the commanding general of United States Forces-Iraq.[18] He has served on the Board of Directors of Tenet Healthcare Corporation,[19] Nucor Corporation,[20] Raytheon Technologies,[21] and the Carnegie Corporation of New York.[22]

Christine Wormuth is Secretary of the Army. She was most recently a senior fellow at the RAND Corporation, and served as Director of the International Security and Defense Policy Center in the RAND National Security Research Division. During the Obama Administration, she was Under Secretary of Defense for Policy from 2014 to 2016, and Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans, and Forces from 2012 to 2014. From 2010 to 2012 she served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Defense at the National Security Council.[23] Wormuth’s nomination was uncontroversial and she was confirmed by unanimous consent.[24]

Kathleen Hicks is Deputy Secretary of Defense. She was the team lead for the Biden-Harris Transition Department of Defense Agency Review Team, and formerly served as Senior Vice President and Director of the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. During the Obama Administration, she served as Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans, and Forces and Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.[25] She has served as a member of the board of trustees for The Aerospace Corporation, the board of directors for the U.S. Naval Institute,[26] and the advisory council of National Security Action.[27]

Michael J. McCord is Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer. He most recently served as Director of Civil-Military Programs at the Stennis Center for Public Service. During the Obama Administration, he served as Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer, and before that as Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). Before that, he served as a professional staff member for the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, as a staff analyst for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Budget, and as a cost analyst at the Congressional Budget Office. He has served as an Adjunct Research Staff Member at the Institute for Defense Analyses, as a fellow at the National Academy of Public Administration, and as a member of the advisory board of Ohio State University’s Department of Economics from 2017 to 2018.[28] He has also served on the board of trustees of The Aerospace Corporation.[29]

Ronald S. Moultrie is Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence & Security. He was most recently the President and Chief Executive Officer of Oceanus Security Strategies, LLC. He formerly served as Director of Operations at the National Security Agency, in addition to former positions at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the United States Air Force.[30]

Colin Kahl is Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. He was most recently co-director of the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University, and was also a strategic consultant to the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement at the University of Pennsylvania. During the Obama Administration, Kahl served as Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security Advisor to the Vice President from October 2014 to January 2017. From February 2009 to December 2011, he was Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Middle East. He was a professor at Georgetown University from 2007 to 2017 when not serving in government, and was a senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security from 2007 to 2009 and from 2012 to 2014. From 2000 to 2007 he was a professor at the University of Minnesota.[31] He is a former member of the advisory council at National Security Action.[32]

Kahl was confirmed by the Senate in a 49-45 vote, and his nomination was controversial. Republicans expressed opposition to a number of his foreign policy positions, including his support for the Iran nuclear deal. Kahl was also scrutinized for past social media posts, including one in which he called the Republican Party “the party of ethnic cleansing.”[33] Media observers have also reported on the ties between Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, where Kahl had served as a senior fellow, and China’s Peking University. According to The Washington Free Beacon, the Freeman Spogli Institute oversees the Stanford Center at Peking University in Beijing. Peking University, according to The Washington Free Beacon, “has been linked to multiple espionage cases in the United States, [and] recently updated its charter to require loyalty to the Chinese Communist Party.”[34]

Ely Ratner is Assistant Secretary of Defense for Indo-Pacific Security Affairs. He formerly served as Executive Vice President and Director of Studies at the Center for a New American Security. During the Obama Administration, he served at the U.S. Department of State in the office of Chinese and Mongolian affairs from 2011 to 2012 and as deputy national security advisor to then-Vice President Biden from 2015 to 2017. He also formerly worked in the office of then-Senator Biden, as a professional staff member on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, as a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, and as an associate political scientist at the RAND Corporation.[35]

Bishop Garrison is Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Defense. He formerly served as Director, National Security Outreach at Human Rights First from 2019 to 2021, as co-founder and President of the Joseph Rainey Center for Public Policy from 2018 to 2021, as Managing Director, Policy and Advocacy and Interim Executive Director at the Truman National Security Project from 2018 to 2019, and as a Senior Consultant and Director of Strategic Initiatives at Sentinel Strategy & Policy Consulting from 2017 to 2018. He was Deputy Foreign Policy Adviser on Hillary Clinton’s 2016 Presidential Campaign, and before that served in several roles at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and the U.S. Department of Defense. He worked on President Obama’s 2012 reelection campaign, and before that was a consultant for Deloitte Consulting and an officer in the U.S. Army.[36][37] He has served on the advisory board of Protect the Investigation.[38]

In May 2021, The Intercept reported that Garrison had been appointed head of a committee to explore a pilot program that would monitor the social media of military personnel for “concerning behaviors” related to domestic extremism. According to a senior Pentagon official, as reported by The Intercept, the program will utilize a private surveillance company in order to circumvent First Amendment restrictions on government monitoring.[39]

Kelly Magsamen is Chief of Staff to the Secretary of Defense.[40] She formerly served as Vice President for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress. During the Obama Administration, she served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs from 2014 to 2017, as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Strategic Planning from 2012 to 2014, as Senior Adviser for Middle East Reform from 2011 to 2012, and as National Security Council Director for Iran from 2008 to 2011. During the George W. Bush Administration, she served as a Presidential Management Fellow at the U.S. Department of State from 2005 to 2006, at the U.S. Mission to NATO in 2007, and as Special Assistant and Chief of Staff to the Counselor from 2007 to 2008. She has served on the advisory board of Foreign Policy for America, the advisory council of National Security Action, the advisory board of the Texas National Security Review, and the steering committee of The Leadership Council for Women in National Security.[41]

Department of Education

Miguel Cardona is Secretary of Education. Cardona had served as Commissioner of Education for the Connecticut State Department of Education since 2019. He also formerly served as an elementary school teacher, school principal, and district assistant superintendent in Meriden, Connecticut, as well as co-chairperson of the Connecticut Legislative Achievement Gap Task Force an the Connecticut Birth to Grade Three Leaders Council. He taught for four years as an adjunct professor in the Department of Educational Leadership at the University of Connecticut.[42]

On April 27, 2021, Fox News reported that during Cardona’s tenure as Connecticut’s Commissioner of Education, he had taken steps to ensure teacher support for the state’s new African-American, Black, Latino, and Puerto Rican Course of Studies high school curriculum. According to emails obtained via a Freedom of Information Act request, Cardona wrote that “we need teachers behind this wave of our curriculum becoming more ‘woke.'” The curriculum reportedly addresses “the construct of race and why and how it was developed,” and spends three days each on systemic racism and the Black Lives Matter movement, among many other topics.[43]

Cindy Marten is Deputy Secretary of Education. She had formerly served as Superintendent of the San Diego Unified School District since 2013. Before that, she was an instructor, teacher, and school principal in San Diego. She has served on the board of the California Schools Voluntary Employees Benefits Association (VEBA) and as a member of the San Diego Public Library Commission.[44]

Marten’s nomination attracted some criticism, particularly related to her policy as superintendent of keeping San Diego schools closed during the COVID-19 pandemic.[45] In January 2021, The Washington Free Beacon noted that “Marten’s refusal to set a timeline for schools to reopen is in direct contradiction with Biden, who has vowed to have schools reopen within the first hundred days of his presidency.” A former Republican San Diego county supervisor praised Marten’s passion as superintendent, but remarked that she had “consistently favored the loudest voice at the decision-making table, and that is the teachers’ union. It’s alarming to us as parents to witness the strong influence of labor unions on the continued closure of public schools.”[46]

Donna Harris-Aikens is Senior Advisor for Policy and Planning in the Office of the Secretary. She was a member of the Education Agency Review Team for the Biden-Harris Transition and a member of the Democratic National Convention Committee Platform Committee. Harris-Aikens formerly served as Senior Director for Education Policy and Practice at the National Education Association, before that served as Policy Manager at the Service Employees International Union,[47] and also worked at Advance CTE.[48] She has served as a board member at the Learning First Alliance.[49]

Emma Leheny is Principal Deputy General Counsel at the U.S. Department of Education.[50] She formerly served as Senior Counsel at the National Education Association, and before that was Chief Counsel at the California Teachers Association. Before that, she was a partner at the law firm of Rothner, Segall & Greenstone. She has served as a member of the Executive Board of the National Immigration Law Center, and as an Adjunct Associate Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law.[51]

Juliana Herman is Chief of Staff in the Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development. She formerly served as chief of staff and senior advisor at the Markle Foundation. Before that, she was a Broad Resident, serving as deputy chief and policy advisor at District of Columbia Public Schools. She also previously served as a senior policy advisor in the office of U.S. Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO), and as an education policy analyst at the Center for American Progress.[52][53]

Jen Mishory is Chief of Staff in the Office of Career, Technical, and Adult Education. She formerly served as a senior fellow and senior policy advisor at the Century Foundation. Before that, she was a co-founder and the executive director of Young Invincibles.[54]

Department of Energy

Jennifer Granholm is Secretary of Energy. Granholm served as the 47th Governor of Michigan from 2003-2011, and as Attorney General of Michigan from 1999-2003.[55] She was also a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and a senior research fellow at the Berkeley Energy and Climate Institute and the Berkeley Center for Information Technology Research in the Interests of Society.[56] She is the founder of the American Jobs Project, where she also served as Board Chair,[57] and has served as an advisor to the Clean Energy Program at the Pew Charitable Trusts.[58] She was a member of the presidential transition team for President Obama in 2008,[59] and was a co-chair of Hillary Clinton’s transition team in 2016.[60] She also served in leadership positions at the pro-Hillary Clinton Super PACs Priorities USA Action and Correct the Record.[61]

David M. Turk is Deputy Secretary of Energy. He formerly served as Deputy Executive Director at the International Energy Agency, where he had previously served as head of the Energy Environment Division and head of the Strategic Initiatives Office.[62] He also formerly served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Climate and Technology at the U.S. Department of Energy, as Deputy Special Envoy for Climate Change at the U.S. Department of State, and Special Assistant to the President during the Obama Administration. He has worked for Senators Kent Conrad (D-ND) and Joe Biden (D-DE), and for Representative Henry Waxman (D-CA).[63]

Jeremiah Baumann is Deputy Chief of Staff at the U.S. Department of Energy. He was most recently director of federal policy at Energy Innovation, and before that worked on state clean energy policy at Bloomberg Philanthropies. He also formerly served as legislative director for U.S. Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR).[64] Before that, Baumann served as director of Environment Oregon, and as co-director of the New Voters Project.[65] From 1998 to 2003, he was an environmental program director at U.S. Public Interest Research Group.[66]

Aimee Witteman is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intergovernmental Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy. She most recently served as director of U.S. states policy at Energy Innovation, and before that was a program director at the McKnight Foundation and executive director of the National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition.[67]

Shara Mohtadi is Chief of Staff for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. She most recently served on the environment team at Bloomberg Philanthropies, where she led work on America’s Pledge. Before that, she was a senior advisor on climate and energy policy for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. During the Obama Administration, she served as an energy and environment advisor in the Office of Management and Budget.[68][69]

Department of Health and Human Services

Xavier Becerra is Secretary of Health and Human Services. He formerly served as the 33rd Attorney General of California, and before that served twelve terms in the U.S. House of Representatives.[70] Becerra is listed on Demand Justice’s Supreme Court shortlist.[71]

Becerra was narrowly confirmed by the U.S. Senate in a 50-49 vote. Republicans had expressed concerns about his record on abortion, gun control, immigration, and support for Medicare-for-all.[72] In February 2021, eleven Republican senators and more than sixty representatives wrote a letter to President Biden asking him to withdraw Becerra’s nomination, citing what they viewed as his “lack of healthcare experience, enthusiasm for replacing private health insurance with government-run Medicare-for-all, and embrace of radical policies on immigration, abortion, and religious liberty.”[73] That same month, representatives from more than 60 pro-life organizations wrote a letter urging senators to reject Becerra’s nomination, calling his views on abortion “radical.”[74]

Andrea Palm is Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services. She most recently served as Secretary-Designee of Wisconsin’s Department of Health Services. During the Obama Administration, she served in multiple roles at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services including Acting Assistant Secretary for Legislation, Counselor, Chief of Staff, and Senior Counselor to the Secretary.[75] She also formerly worked for then-Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) and former Representative Robert Matsui (D-CA).[76]

Rachel Levine is Assistant Secretary for Health. She formerly served as Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Health, and prior to that as Acting Secretary of Health and Physician General. Before that, she served as Vice-Chair for Clinical Affairs in the pediatrics department, and Chief of the Division of Adolescent Medicine and Eating Disorders, at the Penn State Hershey Medical Center. She has been a Professor at the Penn State College of Medicine, President of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, and a fellow at the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, and the Academy for Eating Disorders.[77]

Levine was confirmed by a 52-48 vote. Some Republican lawmakers questioned her response to the COVID-19 pandemic while serving as Pennsylvania’s Secretary of Health. Senator Pat Toomey (R-PA) attributed the pandemic’s severe impact on the state’s nursing homes “in part to poor decisions and oversight by Dr. Levine and the Wolf administration.”[78]

Chiquita Brooks-LaSure is Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. She formerly served as Managing Director at Manatt Health. Before that, she was Deputy Director for Policy at the Center for Consumer Information and Insurance Oversight within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, and Director of Coverage Policy at the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Earlier in her career, she served as a member of the Democratic staff for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means, and as a program examiner and Medicaid analyst for the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.[79] She has also served as a Senior Policy Advisor for Breakaway Policy Strategies[80] and as a member of the board of directors of FAIR Health.[81]

Vivek Murthy is Surgeon General of the United States. He formerly served in that same role during the Obama Administration, having been confirmed by the Senate in 2014. Prior to that, he co-founded the HIV/AIDS education organization VISIONS, the India-based community health partnership Swasthya Project, the technology company TrialNetworks, and the nonprofit Doctors for America.[82]

Department of Homeland Security

Alejandro Mayorkas is Secretary of Homeland Security. He formerly served as a Partner at the law firm of WilmerHale. During the Obama Administration, he was Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security and Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. He was also head of President Obama’s U.S. Department of Justice Criminal Division transition team in 2008, and served as a U.S. Attorney in the Justice Department during the Clinton Administration.[83]

In January 2021, the Daily Caller reported that Mayorkas had received $3.3 million in the preceding year as a Partner at WilmerHale, according to financial disclosure forms. His clients at the firm included Uber, Cisco, Clorox, Blackstone, Airbnb, Mission Support Alliance, and Intuit. He also represented NiSource, Inc. against charges related to the role that one of its subsidiaries played in the September 2018 Massachusetts gas explosions. The Daily Caller also noted a Department of Homeland Security inspector general report from 2015 that said Mayorkas “exerted improper influence” in the EB-5 visa program approval process for GreenTech Automotive, a company that was owned by Terry McAuliffe and Tony Rodham. Mayorkas was serving as Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Obama Administration at the time.[84]

Deanne Criswell is Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). She formerly served as Commissioner of the New York City Emergency Management Department, having been appointed in 2019. Before that, she served as the leader of one of FEMA’s national incident management assistance teams, and as a federal coordinating officer. She has also served as head of the Office of Emergency Management for the city of Aurora, Colorado, as an executive at the Cadmus Group LLC, and as a firefighter and Deputy Fire Chief with the Colorado Air National Guard.[85]

Ur Jaddou is Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. She most recently served as Director of DHS Watch, a project of America’s Voice, and as an adjunct professor at American University School of Law. During the Obama Administration, she served as chief counsel to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services from July 2014 to January 2017, and before that was deputy assistant secretary at the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Legislative Affairs. She was also formerly chief counsel to the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security, and senior counsel to U.S. Representative Zoe Lofgren (D-CA).[86]

Department of Housing and Urban Development

Marcia Fudge is Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. She served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Ohio’s 11th Congressional District from 2008-2021. She also formerly served as the mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio, is the past National President of Delta Sigma Theta sorority, and is the former Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus.[87]

Adrianne Todman is Deputy Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. She was most recently the Chief Executive Officer of the National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials. Before that, she served as Executive Director of the District of Columbia Housing Authority, as a policy aide in the Office of Public and Indian Housing and the Office of the Secretary at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and as a legislative director for then Congressman Ron de Lugo (D-VI). She has served on policy and working groups at the Brookings Institution and the Urban Institute, as Vice President of the Council of Large Public Housing Authorities, as a trustee at the National Housing Conference, and as a trustee on the Smith College Board of Trustees and the Alumnae Association Board.[88] She has served on the board of directors of the Housing and Development Law Institute.[89]

Ben J. Winter is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Development.[90] He formerly led housing and economic opportunity initiatives in Los Angeles for the California Community Foundation. Before that, he was the Chief Housing Officer for Los Angeles mayor Eric Garcetti. During the Obama Administration, he served as a senior analyst at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.[91]

Department of the Interior

Deb Haaland is Secretary of the Interior. She was formerly a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for New Mexico’s 1st Congressional District, and also the former Chairwoman of the New Mexico Democratic Party.[92] She was the Democratic candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico in 2014, served as the New Mexico Native American vote director for President Obama’s 2012 re-election campaign, and was formerly the Chairwoman of the Laguna Development Corporation.[93]

Haaland’s nomination prompted controversy related to some of her positions on environmental issues, which have been described as “radically anti-fossil-fuel.” She has expressed support for the Green New Deal and opposition to “fracking and drilling on public land.”[94] Haaland was ultimately confirmed by the U.S. Senate in a 51-40 vote.

Tommy Beaudreau is Deputy Secretary of the Interior. He was most recently a partner at the law firm of Latham & Watkins, and before that served in the U.S. Department of the Interior as Director of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Acting Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management, and Chief of Staff. He has been a non-resident fellow at Columbia University’s Center on Global Energy Policy.[95]

Shannon Estenoz is Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks. She was most recently the Chief Operating Office at the Everglades Foundation.[96] She also formerly served in executive roles at the Environmental and Land Use Law Center, the World Wildlife Fund, and the National Parks Conservation Association. During the Obama Administration, she was Director of Everglades Restoration Initiatives at the U.S. Department of the Interior. She has served as national co-chair of the Everglades Coalition.[97]

Tanya Trujillo is Assistant Secretary for Water and Science. She was most recently a project director at the Colorado River Sustainability Campaign, a fiscally sponsored project of the New Venture Fund. She is the former Executive Director of the Colorado River Board of California, and also served as Counselor to the Assistant Secretary for Water and Science at the U.S. Department of the Interior and as Senior Council to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. She has served as Vice Chair of the New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission.[98]

Tracy Stone-Manning is the nominee for Director of the Bureau of Land Management. She is senior advisor for conservation policy at the National Wildlife Federation, where she also previously served as associate vice president for public lands. Before that, she served as chief of staff to Montana Governor Steve Bullock, as director of the Montana Department of Environmental Quality, and as a regional director and senior advisor to Senator Jon Tester (D-MT). Before that, she was executive director of the Clark Fork Coalition.[99]

Stone-Manning’s nomination provoked considerable controversy due to her affiliation with the radical environmental activist group Earth First! during the 1980s. According to the Wall Street Journal, Stone-Manning used a rented typewriter to re-type a letter warning the U.S. Forest Service that “five hundred pounds of spikes measuring 8 to 10 inches” had been driven into Idaho trees, and that loggers would get “hurt” if they attempted to bring them down.[100] Though Stone-Manning has since worked to minimize her role in the episode, and told the U.S. Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee that she had never been the target of an investigation, an investigator in the case claimed that she was an initial target of the investigation, only cooperating with authorities after being granted immunity in exchange for her testimony. According to the Washington Post, one of the investigators in the case wrote that “Ms. Stone-Manning was not an innocent bystander, nor was she a victim in this case.”[101]

Department of Justice

Merrick Garland is Attorney General. Garland formerly served as a Judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, and was Chair of the Executive Committee of the Judicial Conference of the United States. He also served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division and Principal Associate Deputy Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice, and clerked for former Supreme Court Justice William Brennan.[102] In 2016, President Obama nominated Garland to the Supreme Court of the United States to succeed Antonin Scalia, but he was not confirmed by the U.S. Senate.[103]

Lisa Monaco is Deputy Attorney General. She was most recently a partner at the law firm of O’Melveny & Myers, where she co-chaired the firm’s data security and privacy group. During the Obama Administration, she served as Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Advisor from 2013-2017, and before that as Assistant Attorney General for National Security and Principal Associate Deputy Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice. She also formerly served as counsel and Chief of Staff at the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and as an Assistant United States Attorney in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia. She has served on the boards of Accenture Federal Services, Cognosante LLC, and Hostage US, and has been a distinguished senior fellow at New York University School of Law and a nonresident senior fellow at Harvard University’s Belfer Center on Science and International Affairs. She has been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense, and has co-chaired the Aspen Institute’s Cybersecurity Group. Monaco was also a Principal at WestExec Advisors.[104]

Vanita Gupta is Associate Attorney General. She was most recently the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. During the Obama Administration from October 2014 to January 2017, she served as Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division at the U.S. Department of Justice. Prior to that, she held multiple positions at the American Civil Liberties Union, including Deputy Legal Director and Director of the Center for Justice. She began her career as a staff attorney at the NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund.[105] She formerly served as a board member at Equal Justice Works[106] and StoryCorps,[107] and has been a panelist at multiple Democracy Alliance Conferences. Gupta was a member of the advisory board of Protect the Investigation,[108] and is listed on Demand Justice’s Supreme Court Shortlist.[109]

Gupta was narrowly confirmed by the Senate in a 51-49 vote, and her nomination was controversial. Republicans criticized her past partisan rhetoric, which Gupta admitted that she regretted, as well as positions she had previously espoused on decreasing police budgets and drug decriminalization.[110] In 2012, Gupta co-authored an article in which she argued that “States should decriminalize simple possession of all drugs, particularly marijuana, and for small amounts of other drugs,”[111] though she has stated that she no longer supports this position.[112] Gupta was also questioned about written testimony she submitted to the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary in June 2020, in her capacity as head of The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, in which she wrote that “it is also critical for state and local leaders to heed calls from Black Lives Matter and Movement for Black Lives activists to decrease police budgets and the scope, role, and responsibility of police in our lives.”[113] Observers also commented on Gupta’s wealth, noting that her financial disclosures revealed assets of between $42 million and $187 million, which would make her among the wealthiest members of the Biden Administration.[114]

Kristen Clarke is Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division. Clarke was most recently the President and Executive Director of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. She also formerly served as head of the Civil Rights Bureau at the New York State Attorney General’s office, as a federal prosecutor in the criminal section of the U.S. Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division, and worked for several years at the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund.[115] She has served on the board of directors of The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights[116] and the Poverty & Race Research Action Council.[117] She is listed on Demand Justice’s Supreme Court shortlist.[118]

Clarke’s nomination attracted controversy when Fox News revealed a letter that she had written to The Harvard Crimson in 1994, while an undergraduate at Harvard University and President of the Black Students Association.[119] In the letter, Clarke referenced a series of “theories and observations” related to “the genetic differences between Blacks and whites,” including that “Melanin endows Blacks with greater mental, physical and spiritual abilities – something which cannot be measured based on Eurocentric standards.”[120] Also while at Harvard, Clarke invited former Wellesley College professor Tony Martin, the author of an anti-Semitic self-published work entitled “The Jewish Onslaught,” to speak on campus.[121] Clarke subsequently stated that it “was a mistake” to have hosted and defended Martin, and that “I unequivocally denounce antisemitism.” She also stated that her comments at Harvard had been “twisted,” and that the letter was written in response to the book The Bell Curve as a means of “fighting one ridiculous absurd racist theory with another ridiculous absurd theory.”[122]

Clarke also received scrutiny for an op-ed she wrote, published in Newsweek in 2020, entitled “I Prosecuted Police Killings. Defund the Police – But Be Strategic.” In the op-ed, she advocated for investing “less in police,” and more in other social services. During her confirmation hearing, Clarke stated that she did not support defunding the police, or “taking away resources from police.”[123]

Anne Milgram is Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration. She was most recently a professor at New York University School of Law, and special counsel to the law firm of Lowenstein Sandler LLP.[124] Milgram served as Attorney General of New Jersey from 2007 to 2010, as a federal prosecutor at the U.S. Department of Justice from 2001 to 2005, and as an assistant district attorney from 1997 to 2001. From 2011 to 2015 she was head of the criminal justice initiative at the Laura and John Arnold Foundation. She is a member of the American Law Institute, and has served on the boards of Covenant House International,[125] the Century Foundation, the Center for Policing Equity, and the John Jay College of Criminal Justice.[126]

Pamela Karlan is Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Civil Rights Division.[127] She is on leave from her position as a professor at Stanford Law School, where she co-directed the Supreme Court Litigation Clinic. She formerly served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice during the Obama Administration, as a commissioner on the California Fair Political Practices Commission, as an assistant counsel at the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, as a professor at the University of Virginia School of Law, and as a clerk to former Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun.[128] She is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the American Academy of Appellate Lawyers, and the American Law Institute,[129] and has served on the board of directors of the Campaign Legal Center[130] and the American Constitution Society.[131] Karlan was a participant in the Spring 2016 Democracy Alliance Conference,[132] and is listed by Demand Justice on its Supreme Court shortlist.[133]

Department of Labor

Marty Walsh is Secretary of Labor. Walsh formerly served as the 54th mayor of Boston, Massachusetts.[134] Before that, he was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, head of the Boston Building Trades Council, and President of Laborers’ Local 223.[135]

Julie Su is Deputy Secretary of Labor. She most recently served as Secretary of the California Labor and Workforce Development Agency, and before that was California Labor Commissioner from 2011 through 2018. Prior to that, she was Litigation Director at Asian Americans Advancing Justice-Los Angeles.[136] Su was also the co-founder of Sweatshop Watch.[137]

Seema Nanda is Solicitor of Labor. She was Chief Executive Officer of the Democratic National Committee until April 2020.[138] Nanda also formerly served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer at the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, as chief of staff to Secretary Tom Perez at the U.S. Department of Labor during the Obama Administration, and as head of the Office of Employee and Immigrant Rights in the Civil Rights division of the U.S. Department of Justice.[139] She has been a fellow at Harvard Law School’s Labor and Worklife Program,[140] and formerly worked at the National Labor Relations Board’s Division of Advice.[141]

Janelle Jones is Chief Economist at the Department of Labor. She was formerly the Managing Director for Policy and Research at the Groundwork Collaborative. Before that, she was an economic analyst at the Economic Policy Institute, and a research associate at the Center for Economic Policy Research and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.[142][143]

Thea M. Lee is Deputy Undersecretary for International Labor Affairs. She most recently served as President of the Economic Policy Institute. Before that, she was Deputy Chief of Staff at the AFL-CIO. She began her career as an international trade economist at the Economic Policy Institute in the 1990s. She has served on the board of directors of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Congressional Progressive Caucus Center, the Center for International Policy, and the Coalition on Human Needs. She has also served on the State Department Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy, the Export-Import Bank Advisory Committee, the U.S.- China Economic and Security Review Commission, the Progressive Talent Pipeline advisory council, the national advisory board of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, and the external advisory board of the Roosevelt Project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research.[144] Lee was a panelist at the Fall 2018 Democracy Alliance Conference, on panels entitled “Inequality and the Future of Progressive Politics,” and “The Next Generation of Progressive Leadership.”[145]

Jenny Yang is Director of the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs at the U.S. Department of Labor.[146] She was formerly a senior fellow at the Urban Institute and a strategic partner at Working IDEAL.[147] She was an Obama Administration nominee to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, serving from 2013 to 2018, including as Chair from September 2014 to January 2017. Before that, she was a Partner at the law firm of Cohen Milstein Sellers & Toll, a senior trial attorney in the Civil Rights Division at the U.S. Department of Justice, and worked for the National Employment Law Project.[148] She was a 2018 Leadership in Government Fellow at the Open Society Foundations,[149] and is listed by Demand Justice on its Supreme Court shortlist.[150]

Deborah Greenfield is Senior Advisor at the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy.[151] She was most recently Deputy Director-General for Policy at the International Labour Organization. She served as Deputy Solicitor at the U.S. Department of Labor during the Obama Administration, and before that as Associate General Counsel at the AFL-CIO from 1998-2009, as a supervising attorney for litigation at the Association of Flight Attendants-CWA, and as an attorney for the Communications Workers of America.[152]

Jesse Lawder is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labor. He had previously served as Vice President of Marketing and Communications for Planned Parenthood of the St. Louis Region and Southwest Missouri since 2017. During the Obama Administration, he worked at the Department of Labor.[153]

Department of State

Antony Blinken is Secretary of State. He was formerly a co-founder and Managing Partner at WestExec Advisors, LLC,[154] a Partner at the private equity firm Pine Island Capital Partners,[155] and Managing Director of the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement. He served in the Obama Administration as National Security Advisor to Vice President Biden, as Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy National Security Advisor, and as Deputy Secretary of State. Before that, he was Democratic Staff Director for the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 2002-2008, a member of the National Security Council staff from 1994-2001 during the Clinton Administration, and a reporter for The New Republic.[156] He has served as Vice-Chair of the board of directors of Human Rights First,[157] as a member of the advisory board of Foreign Policy for America,[158] and as a member of the advisory council of National Security Action.[159]

Wendy Sherman is Deputy Secretary of State. She formerly served as Senior Counselor at the consulting firm Albright Stonebridge Group, which she helped found. During the Obama Administration, she served as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, where she played a central role in negotiating the Iran nuclear agreement. Before that, she was Vice Chair of Albright Stonebridge Group. During the Clinton Administration, Sherman served as Counselor for the Department of State, Special Advisor to President Clinton, and Policy Coordinator on North Korea. She was Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs under former Secretary of State Warren Christopher from 1993-1996, and before that was a campaign manager for former U.S. Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), and Director of EMILY’s List. She has served as Chair of the Board of Directors of Oxfam America, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, and a senior fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. She has been a member of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Aspen Strategy Group, and the American Academy of Diplomacy.[160]

Linda Thomas-Greenfield is United States Ambassador to the United Nations. She had led the Africa Practice at Albright Stonebridge Group since 2017, and was a Distinguished Resident Fellow in African Studies at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown University from 2017-2019. During the Obama Administration from 2013-2017, she served as Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, and before that as Director General of the Foreign Service and Director of Human Resources from 2012-2013.[161] She also served as U.S. Ambassador to Liberia from 2008-2012, having been nominated by the George W. Bush Administration.[162] She has served on the Board of Directors of the National Endowment for Democracy,[163] and as a member of the Advisory Council of National Security Action.[164]

Though Thomas-Greenfield was confirmed by a 78-20 vote in the Senate, some Republican Senators expressed concern over a speech she gave at the Savannah State University Confucius Institute in 2019, in which she described Chinese intervention in Africa as a “win-win-win situation” whereby China and the United States could promote good governance and the rule of law. She stated that China was “in a unique position to spread these ideals given its strong footprint on the continent.” Thomas-Greenfield expressed regret at her confirmation hearing, noting that she wished she “had not accepted this specific invitation,” and conveying her alarm “at the way the Confucius Institute was engaging with the Black community in Georgia.”[165]

Brian P. McKeon is Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources. He formerly served as Senior Director of the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement at the University of Pennsylvania. During the Obama Administration, he served as Principal Deputy Under Secretary for Policy at the U.S. Department of Defense from 2014-2017, as Deputy Assistant to the President, Executive Secretary and Chief of Staff of the National Security Council from 2012-2014, and as Deputy National Security Advisor to Vice President Biden from 2009-2012. Before that, he served as chief counsel to the Democratic members of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1997-2009. He was a legislative assistant for foreign policy and defense to then-Senator Joe Biden from 1988-1995, and worked in the foreign policy office of Bill Clinton’s 1996 Presidential re-election campaign.[166] McKeon also formerly served as an advisor for foreign policy at the Biden Foundation.[167]

Bonnie Jenkins is Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs. Jenkins was formerly the founder and executive director of Women of Color Advancing Peace, Security, and Conflict Transformation (WCAPS),[168] a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and president of Global Connections Empowering Global Change LLC. During the Obama Administration, she served at the U.S. Department of State from 2009 to 2017 as coordinator for threat reduction programs in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation. Before that, she was a program officer at the Ford Foundation, counsel on the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, general counsel to the U.S. Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, and a legal advisor in the Office of the General Counsel at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. She is a retired U.S. Navy Reserve officer.[169] Jenkins has served on the boards of directors of the Constituency for Africa,[170] the Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellowship,[171] the Alliance for Peacebuilding,[172] the Center for International Policy,[173] and Foreign Policy for America.[174]

Uzra Zeya is Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights. She was formerly President and Chief Executive Officer of the Alliance for Peacebuilding. During the Obama Administration, she served as Chief of Staff to the Deputy Secretary of State from 2011 to 2012, Acting Assistant Secretary and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor from 2012 to 2014, and as Charge d’Affaires and Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy Paris from 2014 to 2017.[175] Zeya also served as a senior advisor at Albright Stonebridge Group in 2018, and as a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress from 2018 to 2019. She has served on the advisory board at Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, and has been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.[176]

Victoria Nuland is Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. She most recently served as a senior counselor at Albright Stonebridge Group, a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and as a distinguished practitioner in grand strategy at Yale University. From January 2018 to February 2019 she was the Chief Executive Officer of the Center for a New American Security. Nuland served in the U.S. Department of State as Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs from 2013 to 2017, and as the department’s spokesperson from 2011 to 2013 where she worked closely with then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. She served as U.S. Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) from 2005 to 2008, as Principal Deputy National Security Advisor to Vice President Cheney from 2003 to 2005, and as U.S. Deputy Permanent Representative to NATO from 2000 to 2003. She has served on the board of directors of the National Endowment for Democracy.[177]

Ned Price is Spokesperson for the U.S. Department of State. He was previously Co-Founder and Director of Policy and Communications at National Security Action. During the Obama Administration, he served as Special Assistant to the President on the National Security Council staff, where he also served as Spokesperson and Senior Director for Strategic Communications. Before that, he served as a senior analyst and spokesperson at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).[178] Prior to joining the CIA, Price was an associate at The Cohen Group. He has also served as a fellow at New America,[179] and as a member of the advisory board of Protect the Investigation.[180]

Sarah Cross is Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. She formerly served as Advocacy Director for the International Migration Initiative at the Open Society Foundations. From October 2016 through November 2017, Cross served as Director for Refugee and Migration Policy at the National Security Council. During the Obama Administration from 2008 to 2016, she served as a strategic planner at the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.[181]

Department of Transportation

Pete Buttigieg is Secretary of Transportation. He is the former mayor of South Bend, Indiana and unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party’s 2020 Presidential nomination. He also formerly served as an intelligence officer in the United States Navy Reserve, as a consultant for McKinsey & Company, and worked on John Kerry’s 2004 Presidential campaign.[182]

Polly Trottenberg is Deputy Secretary of Transportation. She formerly served as Commissioner of the New York City Department of Transportation.[183] She has also served as a Distinguished Visiting Urbanist at New York University’s Wagner School of Public Service, and on the boards of the New York Metropolitan Transportation Council, the Intelligent Transportation Society of America, and TRANSCOM. During the Obama Administration, Trottenberg served as the Assistant Secretary and Under Secretary for Policy at the U.S. Department of Transportation. She also worked in the U.S. Senate for Senators Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Charles Schumer (D-NY), and Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-NY).[184] She was also the former Executive Director of Building America’s Future.[185]

Nuria Fernandez is Administrator of the Federal Transit Administration, where she had served as Deputy Administrator since January 20, 2021. She formerly served as General Manager and Chief Executive Officer of the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, as Chief Operating Officer of the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority, as Senior Vice President of Design and Construction for both the Chicago Transit Authority and the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, and as Commissioner for the Chicago Department of Aviation. During the Clinton Administration, she served as Acting Administrator of the Federal Transit Administration. She has served as Chair of the American Public Transportation Association, and as a member of the boards of the Mineta Transportation Institute and the Transportation Learning Center, and on the executive committee of the Transportation Research Board.[186]

Department of the Treasury

Janet Yellen is Secretary of the Treasury. She was formerly a Distinguished Fellow in Residence at the Brookings Institution and Professor Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley. She also formerly served as Chair of the Federal Reserve Board from 2014-2018 as an Obama Administration nominee, and before that was Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve Board from 2010-2014, President and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco from 2004-2010, and Chair of the White House Council of Economic Advisors from 1997-1999 during the Clinton Administration. She has served as President of the American Economic Association, as a member of the advisory boards of the Bloomberg New Economy Forum, the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, and the Fix the Debt Coalition, and on the steering committee of the Washington Center for Equitable Growth. She has also held memberships in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Economic Strategy Group of the Aspen Institute, the Group of Thirty, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Climate Leadership Council.[187]

Wally Adeyemo is Deputy Secretary of the Treasury. He had served most recently as President of the Obama Foundation since August 2019. Before that, he was a Senior Advisor at BlackRock. During the Obama Administration, he served as Deputy National Security Advisor and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council at the White House, Deputy Chief of Staff and Senior Advisor at the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Chief of Staff at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and Deputy Executive Secretary at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. He has been a non-resident fellow at New York University School of Law, a Senior Advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies,[188] an advisory council member at National Security Action,[189] and a board member at Demos[190] and the Golden State Opportunity Foundation.[191]

Department of Veterans Affairs

Denis McDonough is Secretary of Veterans Affairs. He was formerly a Senior Advisor and Senior Principal at the Markle Foundation,[192] a Partner at Macro Advisory Partners,[193] and a Professor at the University of Notre Dame’s Keough School of Global Affairs.[194] He was Senior Foreign Policy Advisor for President Obama’s 2008 campaign, and served in the Obama Administration as Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy National Security Advisor from 2010-2013 and as White House Chief of Staff from 2013-2017. Prior to that, he worked in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. He has served on the Board of Directors of Catalyte, the National Democratic Institute, and the SAFE Project, and as a member of the Advisory Council of the Tent Partnership for Refugees.[195] McDonough was formerly a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress,[196] and a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.[197]

Richard A. Sauber is General Counsel for the Department of Veterans Affairs. He was formerly a Partner at the law firm of Robbins, Russell, Englert, Orseck, Untereiner & Sauber LLP, and was also a Partner for 23 years at the law firm of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson. Before entering private practice he was a federal prosecutor, and was appointed by President Reagan to lead a task force on government contracts fraud. He has served as an adjunct professor at Georgetown Law School, as General Counsel at Freedom House, and on the board of directors of the Children’s Hospital in Washington, D.C.[198]

Executive Office of the President

Ron Klain is White House Chief of Staff. He has worked on the campaigns of Democratic Presidential candidates Bill Clinton, Al Gore, John Kerry, Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, and Joe Biden. During the Obama Administration, Klain served as Chief of Staff to then-Vice President Biden from 2009-2011, and as the White House Ebola Response Coordinator from 2014-2015. During the Clinton Administration, he served as Chief of Staff to Vice President Al Gore, Chief of Staff and Counselor to Attorney General Janet Reno, and as Associate Counsel to President Clinton. He has also served as Executive Vice President and General Counsel at Revolution LLC, a venture capital firm, and as a Partner at the law firm of O’Melveny & Myers. He was a clerk to former Supreme Court Justice Byron White, and served as Chief Counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1989-1992.[199] Klain has served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Center for American Progress Action Fund,[200] the Democracy Forward Foundation,[201] and the Truman National Security Project,[202] and as an external advisor to the Skoll Global Threats Fund.[203]

Jen O’Malley Dillon is White House Deputy Chief of Staff. She was Campaign Manger for Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign, and prior to that for Beto O’Rourke’s 2020 campaign. She was a founding partner at the communications firm Precision Strategies, and also formerly served as Deputy Campaign Manager for President Obama’s 2012 re-election campaign, as Executive Director of the Democratic National Committee, and battleground states director for Obama’s 2008 campaign.[204] She also worked on John Edwards’ 2004 and 2008 presidential campaigns, and was a political consultant to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.[205]

Bruce Reed is White House Deputy Chief of Staff. He was most recently a Senior Advisor on Biden’s 2020 Presidential campaign,[206] the Founder and Chief Executive Officer of the public policy company Civic, and Co-Chair of the Future of Work Initiative at the Aspen Institute, where he was also a member of the Aspen Economic Strategy Group. Before that, he was President of the Broad Foundation. During the Obama Administration, he served as Chief of Staff to Vice President Biden and Executive Director of the Bowles-Simpson deficit reduction commission. During the Clinton Administration, he served as President Clinton’s chief domestic policy advisor. He was Deputy Campaign Manager on Clinton’s 1992 Presidential campaign, Policy Director for then-Governor Clinton at the Democratic Leadership Council, and chief speechwriter for then-Senator Al Gore (D-TN). He has been a senior fellow at Results for America, and a contributor to Slate and The New Republic.[207]

Mike Donilon is Senior Advisor to the President, and served as Chief Strategist on Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign. He formerly served as Managing Director of the Biden Institute at the University of Delaware, and was an assistant professor at the university. During the Obama Administration, he served as Counselor to then-Vice President Biden.[208] He also formerly worked for the consulting firm AKPD Message and Media. Donilon has worked on numerous Democratic political campaigns, including those of every Democratic presidential nominee since Bill Clinton, and has helped elect more than 25 Democratic Senators and Governors.[209]

Mike Donilon is the brother of Tom Donilon, who served as National Security Advisor during the Obama Administration.[210]

Anita Dunn is Senior Advisor to the President, and served as a senior advisor on Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign. Dunn is on leave from her position as a partner and founding member at SKDK (formerly known as SKDKnickerbocker). She was a senior advisor on President Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign, and briefly served in the Obama Administration as White House Communications Director. She has also served in a variety of roles for former Senators Tom Daschle (D-SD), Evan Bayh (D-IN), and Bill Bradley (D-NJ).[211]

In February 2021, The Guardian obtained an advance copy of the book “Lucky: How Joe Biden Barely Won the Presidency” by journalists Jonathan Allen and Amie Parnes. It reported that in the book Dunn was quoted as remarking to an associate that “Covid is the best thing that ever happened to him,” referring to then-candidate Biden. The comment was characterized by the authors as something “campaign officials believed but would never say in public.”[212]

Neera Tanden is Senior Advisor to the President. She had most recently served as President and CEO of the Center for American Progress. During the Obama Administration, she was a Senior Advisor at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Tanden was Director of Domestic Policy for President Obama’ 2008 campaign after having served as Policy Director for Hillary Clinton’s campaign. Before that, she served as Deputy Campaign Manager and Legislative Director for then-Senator Clinton, and as an Associate Director for Domestic Policy in the Clinton Administration.[213] Tanden has been a regular participant in Democracy Alliance Conferences.

President Biden originally nominated Tanden for Director of the Office of Management and Budget, but she withdrew her nomination from consideration after it became clear that she would not receive enough votes in the U.S. Senate for confirmation. Senators from both parties had expressed opposition to Tanden’s nomination on the basis of her past controversial statements and tweets, which Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV) characterized as “overtly partisan statements.”[214]

Steve Ricchetti is Counselor to the President. He was Chairman of Biden’s 2020 Presidential campaign, and before that served as Managing Director of the Penn Biden Center at the University of Pennsylvania. During the Obama Administration, he served as Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to Vice President Biden. During the Clinton Administration, he served as Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff to President Clinton, and Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs. He was Executive Director of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in 1992.[215] He also served as a member of the Advisory Council of National Security Action.[216]

Steve Ricchetti is the brother of prominent lobbyist Jeff Ricchetti, and the two co-founded the lobbying firm Ricchetti, Inc. in 2001. Though Steve Ricchetti de-registered as a lobbyist in 2009, the Center for Responsive Politics reported in January 2021 that Jeff Ricchetti had made $610,000 in lobbying revenue from October through December 2020, with clients that included Amazon, Evofem Bioscience, Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Neurocrine Biosciences, Vaxart, GlaxoSmithKline, and Horizon Therapeutics.[217]

Jeffrey Zients is Counselor to the President and Coordinator of the COVID-19 Response. He was formerly the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Cranemere, a business holding company, and has also served as the CEO and Chairman of the Advisory Board Company. During the Obama Administration, he served as Director of the National Economic Council, Deputy Director and Acting Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, and as Chief Performance Officer of the United States.[218] He has also served as Chairman of the Corporate Executive Board, and founded the investment firm Portfolio Logic. He is a co-founder of the Urban Alliance Foundation,[219] and previously was a member of the board of directors of Facebook.[220]

John Kerry is Special Presidential Envoy for Climate. During the Obama Administration he served as Secretary of State at the U.S. Department of State, and signed the Paris Climate Agreement on behalf of the United States. He previously served as a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, first elected in 1984, and before that was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. He served in the U.S. Navy during the Vietnam War, receiving multiple decorations including the Silver Star.[221] Kerry has served as a Visiting Distinguished Statesman at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.[222] He was the Democratic Party’s 2004 nominee for President of the United States.

In the early days of the Biden administration it was reported by Fox News that Kerry’s family still owned a private jet, according to Federal Aviation Administration records. The report noted that private jets can emit up to 40 times as much carbon per passenger as commercial flights.[223] Fox News later reported that Kerry had traveled to Iceland in a private jet in order to receive an award for climate leadership in 2019, having noted at the time that “[i]f you offset your carbon – it’s the only choice for somebody like me who is traveling the world to win this battle.”[224]

Justin Levitt is White House Senior Policy Advisor for Democracy and Voting Rights.[225] Levitt was most recently a professor at Loyola Marymount University’s Loyola Law School. During the Obama Administration, he served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division.[226] Before joining Loyola Law School, he was counsel for the Democracy Program at the Brennan Center for Justice, and prior to that was in-house counsel for America Coming Together.[227] He has served as a faculty advisor for Loyola Law School’s chapter of the American Constitution Society, as a board member of the Fair Elections Center, and as a member of the advisory committee of Los Angeles County’s Voting Systems Assessment Project.[228]

The Daily Signal, quoting a press release from the Public Interest Legal Foundation, reported that Levitt’s “time as [deputy assistant] U.S. attorney general for civil rights was one of the quietest periods for voting rights litigation brought by the DOJ in recent history.” It also noted that the Federal Election Commission fined America Coming Together $775,000 for “using unregulated soft money to boost the 2004 presidential campaign of then-Sen. John Kerry as well as the campaigns of other Democrat candidates that year,” during Levitt’s time with the organization. The fines were announced in August 2007.[229]

Council of Economic Advisers

Cecilia Rouse is Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers. She most recently served as Dean of the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. She served as a member of the Council of Economic Advisers during the Obama Administration, and on the National Economic Council and as a Special Assistant during the Clinton Administration.[230] She has served as a Director by University Appointment at the National Bureau of Economic Research,[231] and on the Board of Directors of MDRC.[232]

Jared Bernstein is a member of the Council of Economic Advisers. He was formerly a senior fellow at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. During the Obama Administration, he served in multiple roles including as Chief Economist and Economic Adviser to Vice President Joe Biden. Before that, he was a senior economist and program director at the Economic Policy Institute. During the Clinton Administration from 1995 to 1996, he was Deputy Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of Labor.[233] Bernstein was a participant in the Fall 2018 Democracy Alliance Conference.

Heather Boushey is a member of the Council of Economic Advisers. She was formerly the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Washington Center for Equitable Growth, which she co-founded in 2013. She served as chief economist for Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential transition team, and has worked as an economist for the Center for American Progress, the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress, the Center for Economic and Policy Research, and the Economic Policy Institute.[234] She has served on the board of directors of the Opportunity Institute,[235] and participated in multiple Democracy Alliance Conferences.

Council on Environmental Quality

Brenda Mallory is Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality. She formerly served as Director of Regulatory Policy at the Southern Environmental Law Center. Before that, she was Executive Director and Senior Counsel at the Conservation Litigation Project. During the Obama Administration, she served as General Counsel on the Council on Environmental Quality and as Principal Deputy General Counsel at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. She was also chair of the natural resources practice group at the law firm of Beveridge & Diamond.[236]

Jane Flegal is senior director for industrial emissions at the White House Council on Environmental Quality.[237] She most recently served as a program officer in the environment program at the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Before that, she was a senior program officer at the Bernard and Anne Spitzer Charitable Trust, a senior policy analyst at the Bipartisan Policy Center, and was a research consultant to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and to the California Council on Science and Technology.[238]

Domestic Policy Council

Susan Rice is Director of the Domestic Policy Council. She was most recently a Distinguished Visiting Research Fellow at American University and a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. During the Obama Administration, she served as National Security Advisor from 2013-2017 and as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations from 2009-2013. During the Clinton Administration, she served as Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, and Director for International Organizations and Peacekeeping at the National Security Council.[239] She was a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution from 2002-2008, and also worked as a consultant at McKinsey & Company early in her career. She has served on the boards of the Bureau of National Affairs, the National Democratic Institute, and the U.S. Fund for UNICEF.[240] She was a member of the advisory council of National Security Action.[241]

In March 2021, The Washington Free Beacon reported that President Biden had placed Rice in charge of implementing an executive order directing federal agencies to submit plans on ways in which those agencies could promote voter registration and voter participation. The order requires agencies to consider how they might distribute voter registration and vote-by-mail applications, and how they could work with “approved, nonpartisan third-party organizations and State officials to provide voter registration services on agency premises.”[242]

Catherine Lhamon is Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council for Racial Justice and Equity. She chairs the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, to which she was appointed by President Obama in 2016. She served as Legal Affairs Secretary to California Governor Gavin Newsom until December 2020, and was also previously an attorney at the National Center for Youth Law.[243] During the Obama Administration, she served as Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education. Before that, she was director of impact litigation at Public Counsel, assistant legal director at the ACLU of Southern California, and a teaching fellow and supervising attorney in the Appellate Litigation Program at Georgetown University Law Center.[244] Lhamon was listed by Demand Justice on its Supreme Court Shortlist.[245]

Carmel Martin is Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council for Economic Mobility.[246] Martin was a senior policy advisor for Joe Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign,[247] and before that was National Policy Director for former U.S. Representative Beto O’Rourke’s (D-TX) presidential campaign. Prior to that, Martin was Managing Director at the Emerson Collective from 2017 to 2019 and Executive Vice President for Policy at the Center for American Progress from 2013 to 2017. During the Obama Administration, she served as Assistant Secretary for Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development at the U.S. Department of Education from 2009 to 2013. She was General Counsel and Chief Education Adviser to former Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA) from 2005 to 2008, and Associate Director for Domestic Policy at the Center for American Progress from 2004 to 2005.[248]

Chiraag Bains is Special Assistant to the President for Criminal Justice at the Domestic Policy Council. He was most recently Director of Legal Strategies at Demos, and before that was a senior fellow at Harvard Law School and the Open Society Foundations. During the Obama Administration from 2010 to 2017, he served as a civil rights crimes prosecutor and as senior counsel to the Assistant Attorney General in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division.[249]

Erika Poethig is Special Assistant to the President for Housing and Urban Policy at the Domestic Policy Council. She most recently served as Chief Innovation Officer and Vice President for the Research to Action Lab at the Urban Institute. She had several roles in the Obama Administration, including Acting Assistant Secretary for the Office of Policy Development and Research at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Poethig also formerly worked on housing-related matters at the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and at the City of Chicago’s Department of Housing.[250]

National Economic Council

Brian Deese is Director of the National Economic Council. He formerly served as Global Head of Sustainable Investing at BlackRock, Inc., focused on environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues. During the Obama Administration, Deese was senior advisor to the President on climate and energy policy, and helped negotiate the Paris Climate Agreement. He also formerly served as Deputy Director of the National Economic Council and Deputy Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. He has also lectured at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government.[251]

Timothy Wu is Special Assistant to the President for Technology and Competition Policy, serving at the National Economic Council.[252][253] He was most recently a professor at Columbia Law School, holding that position since 2006, and has also served as enforcement counsel in the New York Attorney General’s Office, and in antitrust enforcement at the Federal Trade Commission. During the Obama Administration, he worked on competition policy for the National Economic Council. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and served as a law clerk for Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer and U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit Judge Richard Posner.[254] He is listed by Demand Justice on its Supreme Court Shortlist.[255]

National Security Council

Jake Sullivan is National Security Advisor. He was formerly a Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and held teaching positions at Yale Law School, Dartmouth College, and the University of New Hampshire. He was a co-founder and co-chair of the advisory board for National Security Action, and served as a senior policy advisor on Hillary Clinton’s 2016 Presidential campaign. During the Obama Administration, he served as Deputy Assistant to the President and National Security Advisor to then-Vice President Biden. He also served as Director of the Policy Planning Staff at the U.S. Department of State and as Deputy Chief of Staff to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.[256] Before that, he was Deputy Policy Director on Hillary Clinton’s 2008 Presidential campaign, and a member of the debate preparation team for Barack Obama’s campaign. He also served as a Senior Policy Advisor to Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), worked as an attorney at the law firm of Faegre & Benson LLP, and clerked for Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer.[257]

Yohannes Abraham is Chief of Staff at the National Security Council.[258] He was Executive Director of the Biden-Harris Transition.[259] Abraham was most recently an adjunct lecturer at the Harvard Kennedy School, and before that was a senior advisor and interim Chief Operating Officer at the Obama Foundation. During the Obama Administration, he served as senior advisor to the National Economic Council and Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff at the Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs. He also served in the White House Office of Legislative Affairs and as the National Political Director of Organizing for America.[260]

Office of Domestic Climate Policy

Gina McCarthy is National Climate Advisor. She is the former President and Chief Executive Officer of the Natural Resources Defense Council. She also formerly served as a Professor at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health and as chair of the board of directors of the Harvard Center for Climate, Health, and the Global Environment.[261] During the Obama Administration, she served as the 13th Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, where she oversaw the administration’s Clean Power Plan, and as Assistant Administrator for the Office of Air and Radiation. She has also served as Commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (where she was instrumental in developing the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative), Deputy Secretary of the Massachusetts Office of Commonwealth Development, and as Undersecretary of Policy for the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs. She has served on the board of directors of the Energy Foundation and Ceres.[262]

As reported by the National Review, the former mayor of Flint, Michigan, Karen Weaver, faulted McCarthy for the EPA’s delayed response to that city’s multi-year water crisis and expressed her disappointment that President Biden had placed her in charge of the White House Office of Climate Policy. During congressional testimony in March 2017, McCarthy stated her regret that “[w]e missed the opportunity to quickly get EPA’s concerns on the radar screen.”[263]

Ali Zaidi is Deputy National Climate Advisor. He formerly served as Deputy Secretary to the Governor for Energy and Environment for the state of New York, and as an adjunct professor at Stanford University where he co-founded the Lawyers for a Sustainable Economy initiative. During the Obama Administration, he served as Associate Director for Natural Resources, Energy, and Science in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and as Deputy Director of Energy Policy for the White House Domestic Policy Council.[264] At OMB, he served as the chief policy official for implementing the Climate Action Plan and was a member of the delegation that negotiated the Paris Agreement. He has served as Vice Chair of Carbon180, a member of the board of trustees of the Natural Resources Defense Council, co-chair of the Aspen Institute Energy and Environment Program’s Strategy Group on Future of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, and as a director of America’s Promise Alliance and The Generations Initiative.[265]

Sonia Aggarwal is Senior Advisor for Climate Policy and Innovation in the White House Office of Domestic Climate Policy. She formerly served as vice president of Energy Innovation, and before that managed global research at the ClimateWorks Foundation.[266]

Maggie Thomas is Chief of Staff for the Office of Domestic Climate Policy. She formerly served as political director of Evergreen Action, a fiscally sponsored project of the Sixteen Thirty Fund. She was a climate policy advisor to Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and deputy climate director to Gov. Jay Inslee during the 2020 Democratic presidential primary, and also worked in voter turnout for NextGen America.[267][268]

Office of Intergovernmental Affairs

Julie Chavez Rodriguez is Director of the White House Office of Intergovernmental Affairs. She served as a Deputy Campaign Manager on Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign, and prior to that was National Political Director and traveling Chief of Staff for then-Senator Kamala Harris’ presidential campaign. She had previously served as California State Director in Harris’ Senate office. During the Obama Administration, she served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Deputy Director of Public Engagement. She also served as Director of Youth Employment and as Deputy Press Secretary to former Secretary Ken Salazar at the U.S. Department of the Interior. Prior to that, she was Director of Programs at the Cesar E. Chavez Foundation.[269] Chavez Rodriguez is the granddaughter of labor leader Cesar Chavez.[270]

Office of Legislative Affairs

Louisa Terrell is Director of the White House Office of Legislative Affairs. She oversaw legislative affairs for the Biden-Harris Transition, and also was the former Executive Director of the Biden Foundation. During the Obama Administration, she served as Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs. Before that, she was an Advisor to Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission Tom Wheeler, Deputy Chief of Staff to then-Senator Joe Biden (D-DE), and Chief of Staff to Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ). She has also served as Deputy General Counsel and Head of Public Affairs at McKinsey & Company, Senior Director for Federal Policy & Strategy at Yahoo!, and Director of Public Policy at Facebook.[271]

Office of Management and Administration

Anne Filipic is Director of Management & Administration. She formerly served as Chief Program Officer and Chief Operating Officer at the Obama Foundation. Before that, she was President of Enroll America, a coalition formed to promote enrollment in Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) insurance plans. During the Obama Administration, she served as Deputy Director of Public Engagement at the White House, and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She also formerly served as Deputy Executive Director of the Democratic National Committee and on President Obama’s 2008 Presidential campaign.[272]

David Recordon is Director of Technology in the Office of Management and Administration.[273] Recordon was formerly the Vice President of Infrastructure and Security at the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative.[274] During the Obama Administration, he served as Director of White House Information Technology. Before joining the Obama Administration, he was Engineering Director at Facebook.[275]

Austin Lin is Deputy Director of Technology in the Office of Management and Administration. He previously worked at the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, and also served as a Technical Program Manager at Facebook. During the Obama Administration, he served in multiple roles including as Deputy Director of Information Technology and Associate Director for Operations.[276]

Office of Management and Budget

Shalanda Young is Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget. She formerly served in multiple roles for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations, including as Democratic Staff Director from 2017-2021, Democratic Deputy Staff Director from 2016-2017, and as a professional staff member from 2007-2016.[277]

Jason Miller is Deputy Director for Management for the Office of Management and Budget. He formerly served as Chief Executive Officer of the Greater Washington Partnership and as a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.[278] During the Obama Administration, Miller served as deputy director of the National Economic Council.[279]

K. Sabeel Rahman is Senior Counselor at the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs.[280] Rahman was the President of Demos from 2018 to 2021, and is on leave from his position as an associate professor at Brooklyn Law School. He was Design Director for the Gettysburg Project from 2013 to 2016, has served on the boards of United to Protect Democracy, The New Press, and the Narrative Initiative, and has been a fellow at the Roosevelt Institute and New America.[281] Rahman has participated in multiple Democracy Alliance Conferences.

Office of Presidential Personnel

Catherine Russell is Director of the White House Office of Presidential Personnel. She was Vice Chair of Biden’s 2020 Presidential Campaign and served on the advisory board of the Biden-Harris Transition. Prior to that, she was a fellow at the Institute of Politics at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. During the Obama Administration, she served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to Second Lady Dr. Jill Biden, as well as U.S. Ambassador for Global Women’s Issues. She also formerly served as a senior advisor on international women’s issues for the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, as Associate Deputy Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice, as staff director for the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, and as senior counsel to Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT). She has also served as co-chair of the board of the Women’s Foreign Policy Group, a board member of Women for Women International, an advisory council member at National Security Action, and a steering committee member at the Leadership Council for Women in National Security.[282]

Gautam Raghavan is Deputy Director of the White House Office of Presidential Personnel. He was Deputy Head of Presidential Appointments for the Biden-Harris Transition. Before that, he served as Chief of Staff to Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-WA), as an advisor to the Biden Foundation, and as Vice President of Policy at the Gill Foundation. During the Obama Administration, he served as a White House liaison to the LGBTQ and the Asian American & Pacific Islander communities, as well as in the White House Liaison Office for the U.S. Department of Defense. He was Outreach Lead for the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” Working Group at the Pentagon.[283] Before that, he was director of the Asian American Finance Committee for Barack Obama’s 2008 Presidential Campaign, and Midwest Finance Director for the Democratic National Committee.[284]

Office of the Press Secretary

Jen Psaki is White House Press Secretary. She formerly served as Vice President for Communications and Strategy at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and as a contributor to CNN. During the Obama Administration, she served as White House Communications Director, Spokesperson at the U.S. Department of State under then-Secretary John Kerry, Deputy White House Communications Director, and Deputy White House Press Secretary. She served as Deputy Press Secretary for John Kerry’s 2004 Presidential campaign, and as Traveling Press Secretary on Barack Obama’s 2008 and 2012 campaigns. She has also served as a spokesperson for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and as Communications Director for former Rep. Joe Crowley (D-NY).[285] She was also formerly Senior Vice President at the consulting firm Global Strategy Group,[286] and a member of the advisory council at National Security Action.[287]

In April 2021, Fox News reported that Psaki had previously worked as a “communications consultant” for Demand Justice, according to her financial disclosure report, and that she had served on the advisory board of Supreme Court Voter, which is a project of Demand Justice.[288] Demand Justice is a project of the Sixteen Thirty Fund.

Office of Public Engagement

Cedric Richmond is Senior Advisor to the President and Director of the White House Office of Public Engagement. He was National Co-Chairman of Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign and also served as co-chair of the Biden-Harris Transition. Richmond was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 2011-2021, representing Louisiana’s 2nd Congressional District. During his time in Congress he served on several committees and was the Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus and the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation.[289]

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Eric S. Lander is Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy. He is on leave from his position as President and Founding Director of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, and from his positions as a professor of biology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and professor of systems biology at Harvard Medical School. During the Obama Administration from 2009 to 2017, he was co-chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.[290] He has served on the board of directors of the Innocence Project and as a member of the Defense Innovation Board.[291] He is a trustee of the Lander Family Charitable Foundation.[292]

Office of the U.S. Trade Representative

Katherine Tai is United States Trade Representative. She formerly was Chief Trade Counsel to the Chairman and Democratic Members of the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means, and also formerly served in multiple roles in the Office of the United States Trade Representative, including as Chief Counsel for China Trade Enforcement.[293]

Office of the Vice President

Hartina Flournoy is Chief of Staff to the Vice President. She previously served as Chief of Staff to former President Bill Clinton, and as Assistant to the President for Public Policy at the American Federation of Teachers. She has held numerous past positions within the Democratic Party including head of Howard Dean’s Democratic National Committee transition team, traveling chief of staff to vice presidential nominee Joe Lieberman and Finance Director during Al Gore’s 2000 Presidential campaign, Deputy to the Campaign Manager for President Clinton’s 1992 transition office, General Counsel for the 1992 Democratic National Convention, and Counsel to the Democratic National Committee under Chairs Paul Kirk and Ron Brown. During the Clinton Administration, she served in the White House Office of Presidential Personnel.[294]

White House Cabinet Secretary

Cristobal J. Alex is White House Deputy Cabinet Secretary, and served as a senior advisor on Joe Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign.[295] Alex was formerly President of the Latino Victory Project and its affiliated Latino Victory Fund, and served as Deputy Director of Voter Outreach and Mobilization for Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign. Before that, he worked as a program officer[296] at both the Open Society Foundations and the Ford Foundation, and as Director of the National Campaign to Restore Civil Rights. He has served as a board member at the League of Conservation Voters, the Environmental Defense Action Fund, and the Sixteen Thirty Fund.[297]

White House Communications Director

Kate Bedingfield is White House Communications Director. She served as Deputy Campaign Manager and Communications Director for Biden’s 2020 Presidential campaign. During the Obama Administration, she was Communications Director for Vice President Biden, as well as Associate Communications Director, Deputy Director of Media Affairs, and Director of Response. Before that, she served as Communications Director for U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen’s (D-NH) 2008 Senate campaign, Deputy National Press Secretary for John Edwards’ 2008 Presidential campaign, and Regional Press Secretary for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. She has also served as Chief Spokeswoman and Vice President of Corporate Communications at the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) and as Vice President of Communications at Monumental Sports & Entertainment.[298]

White House Counsel’s Office

Dana Remus is White House Counsel. She served as General Counsel on Joe Biden’s 2020 Presidential campaign, and before that was General Counsel at the Obama Foundation and the personal office of former President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama. During the Obama Administration, she served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel for Ethics. She also formerly served as a law professor at the University of North Carolina, an associate attorney at the law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore, and clerked for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito.[299]

Paige Herwig is Senior Counsel in the White House Counsel’s Office, where her work includes overseeing President Biden’s judicial nominations.[300] Herwig was formerly Deputy Chief Counsel at Demand Justice, a project of the Sixteen Thirty Fund.[301] She has also served as Director of Governance and Strategic Initiatives at Facebook, and was Chief Counsel to Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN). During the Obama Administration, she served as Associate Counsel to the President, and as counselor to Attorney General Loretta Lynch.[302]

Independent Agencies

Central Intelligence Agency

William J. Burns is Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. He formerly served as President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Before that, he was Deputy Secretary of State at the U.S. Department of State from 2011-2014, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2008-2011, Ambassador to Russia from 2005-2008, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs from 2001-2005, and Ambassador to Jordan from 1998-2001.[303]

Director of National Intelligence

Avril Haines is Director of National Intelligence. She formerly held various positions at Columbia University, including Senior Research Scholar, was a Senior Fellow at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, and a member of the National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service. During the Obama Administration, she served as National Security Council Legal Advisor, as Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 2013-2015, and as Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy National Security Advisor from 2015-2017. She was Deputy Chief Counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 2007-2008, while then-Senator Biden served as Chair.[304] She has been a Distinguished Fellow at Syracuse University’s Institute for Security Policy and Law,[305] a board member at the Center for a New American Security,[306] an advisory board member at Foreign Policy for America,[307] an advisory council member at Refugees International,[308] and a member of the Bio Advisory Group at the Nuclear Threat Initiative.[309] She has also served on the board of trustees at the Vodafone Foundation,[310] and as a member of the advisory council of National Security Action.[311]

As reported by The Intercept, Haines’s biography from her time as a Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution listed her as a consultant for Palantir Technologies,[312] and she was also a former Principal at WestExec Advisors, LLC.[313] The archived biography from Brookings also lists additional affiliations, including as a member of the American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on Law and National Security, a member of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s Encryption Working Group, an advisory council member of Network 20/20, an international advisory board member at Tikehau Investment Management, co-chair of the Simon Skojdt Center for the Prevention of Genocide Advisory Group at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on Geopolitics.[314]

Environmental Protection Agency

Michael S. Regan is Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. He had previously served as Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality since 2017. Before that, he was Associate Vice President of U.S. Climate and Energy and Southeast Regional Director at the Environmental Defense Fund, and also worked at the Environmental Protection Agency during the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations. He has served as a board member or commissioner at the University of North Carolina School of Law Center for Climate, Energy, Environment and Economics, Green 2.0 (officially the Green Diversity Initiative), the North Carolina Commission on Global Climate Change, the North Carolina Energy Policy Council, and as an executive steering committee member of Envision Charlotte.[315]

Janet McCabe is Deputy Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. She was formerly the director of Indiana University’s Environmental Resilience Institute and a professor at the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law at IUPUI. During the Obama Administration, she served as Acting Assistant Administrator of the Office of Air and Radiation at the EPA from July 2013 to January 2017, and was Principal Deputy in that office from 2009 to 2013. She also formerly served as air director at the Indiana Department of Environmental Management.[316]

McCabe was confirmed in a 52-42 vote in the Senate, with some Senators expressing concern over her role in developing the Obama Administration’s Clean Power Plan, which was a regulation targeting carbon emissions from power plants.[317]

Michal Freedhoff is Assistant Administrator for Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. She most recently served as Minority Director of Oversight on the U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee since February 2017, and has served on the staffs of the U.S. House Science Committee, the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, the House Energy and Commerce Committee, and the House Natural Resources Committee. Beginning in 1996, she was a Congressional Science and Engineering fellow in the office of then-Congressman Ed Markey (D-MA).[318]

Radhika Fox is Assistant Administrator for Water. She formerly served as Chief Executive Officer of the US Water Alliance. Before that, she directed the policy and government affairs agenda for the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, and served as Federal Policy Director at PolicyLink.[319]

Federal Trade Commission

Lina Khan is Chair of the Federal Trade Commission. She was most recently an associate professor at Columbia Law School. Before that, she was counsel to the U.S. House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Antitrust, Commercial, and Administrative Law, served as legal advisor to commissioner Rohit Chopra at the Federal Trade Commission, and was legal director at the Open Markets Institute.[320]

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Bill Nelson is Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Nelson served as a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from Florida from 2001 to 2019, and as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Florida’s 11th District from 1983 to 1991 and for Florida’s 9th District from 1979 to 1983.[321] While serving as a member of the House in 1986, Nelson flew as a payload specialist on the space shuttle Columbia. His nomination was largely uncontroversial and he was confirmed by unanimous consent in the Senate.[322]

National Labor Relations Board

Jennifer Abruzzo is General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). She most recently served as Special Counsel for Strategic Initiatives at the Communications Workers of America, and before that was Deputy General Counsel and Acting General Counsel at the NLRB during the Obama Administration.[323]

Office of Personnel Management

Kiran Ahuja is Director of the Office of Personnel Management. She was formerly the Chief Executive Officer of Philanthropy Northwest. During the Obama Administration, she served as chief of staff at the Office of Personnel Management and as Executive Director of the White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. She has served on the boards of Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders in Philanthropy (AAPIP), the United Philanthropy Forum, and the Wing Luke Museum.[324] From 2003 to 2008, she was the founding Executive Director of the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum.[325]

Ahuja was narrowly confirmed by a 51-50 party-line vote in the U.S. Senate, with Vice President Kamala Harris casting the tiebreaking vote. Republicans opposed her nomination due to her ties to critical race theory. According to Fox News, “Ahuja hosted critical race theory and anti-racism activist Ibram X. Kendi for an event with Philanthropy Northwest.”[326]

Caroline Ciccone is Communications Director at the Office of Personnel Management.[327] She formerly served as the Executive Director of Accountable.US. Before that, she was Managing Principal at Precision Strategies from 2017-2018, and the Executive Director of Americans United for Change from 2014-2017. During the Obama Administration, she served as Deputy Assistant Administrator for the Office of Communications & Public Liaison at the U.S. Small Business Administration. Earlier in her career, she was Deputy Communications Director at the Democratic National Committee, as well as Deputy Press Secretary for then-U.S. Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA).[328]

Ciccone’s background as Executive Director of Accountable.US attracted some controversy after her appointment to the Office of Personnel Management. The Washington Free Beacon noted that Accountable.US had co-authored “An Open Letter to America’s CEOs” in which it called on American business leaders “to make it clear that you will not hire for employment, contract for consulting, or seat on your boards any senior-level official from the Trump administration that has participated in undermining our democracy, endorsing violent extremism, or tearing families apart.”[329][330]

David Marsh is senior advisor to the Chief of Staff at the Office of Personnel Management. He was formerly a senior manager for state and federal policy at the Markle Foundation, and also worked on criminal justice reform at the Pew Charitable Trusts. During the Obama Administration, he served from 2015 to 2017 in the Office of Management and Budget and in the Office of Personnel Management. Marsh was an organizer for President Obama’s 2012 re-election campaign in Colorado.[331]

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

Gary Gensler is Chair of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. He formerly served as a Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School of Management. During the Obama Administration, he was Chairman of the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission. He also formerly served as a Senior Advisor to former U.S. Senator Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) in writing the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. During the Clinton Administration, he served as Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance and Assistant Secretary of the Treasury at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Gensler has also worked on several Democratic political campaigns, including serving as an economic advisor on Barack Obama’s 2008 campaign, as a senior advisor on Hillary Clinton’s 2008 campaign, and as Chief Financial Officer for Hillary Clinton’s 2016 campaign. From 1979-1997 he worked at Goldman Sachs. He has been a member of the New York Fed Fintech Advisory Group and Chairman of the Maryland Financial Consumer Protection Commission.[332]

Gensler was confirmed by a 53-45 vote in the Senate, with some Republicans voicing reservations about his approach to ESG Activism. Sen. Pat Toomey (R-PA) expressed concern that Gensler would “cause the SEC to use its regulatory powers to advance a liberal social agenda focused on issues such as global warming, political spending disclosures, and racial inequality and diversity.”[333]

Satyam Khanna is Senior Policy Advisor for Climate and ESG at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).[334] He formerly served as a resident fellow at New York University School of Law’s Institute for Corporate Governance and Finance, and as a member of the SEC’s Investor Advisory Committee. Prior to that, he was Counsel to former SEC Commissioner Robert Jackson. He has also been a fellow at Columbia Law School, an advisor at the Financial Stability Oversight Council at the U.S. Department of the Treasury, an attorney at the law firm of McDermott Will & Emery, and a research assistant to Evercore founder and senior chairman Roger Altman.[335]

Small Business Administration

Isabel Guzman is Administrator of the Small Business Administration. She most recently served as Director of the Office of the Small Business Advocate in the California Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development. During the Obama Administration, she was Deputy Chief of Staff and Senior Advisor at the U.S. Small Business Administration. Prior to that, she was an advisor to ProAmerica Bank.[336]

U.S. Agency for International Development

Samantha Power is Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). She was most recently a professor at Harvard Law School and at Harvard Kennedy School. During the Obama Administration, she served as the 28th U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 2013 to 2017. From 2009 to 2013, she served on the National Security Council as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights. Before entering government, she was the founding Executive Director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School.[337] Power was a foreign policy advisor on Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign, but resigned after referring to then-campaign rival Hillary Clinton as a “monster” during an interview.[338] Power has expressed regret for the comment, and apologized publicly and to Clinton personally.[339] She was a former member of the advisory council of National Security Action.[340]

U.S. Postal Service

Amber McReynolds is a member of the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service.[341] McReynolds is the Chief Executive Officer of the National Vote at Home Institute and the National Vote at Home Coalition. She formerly served as Director of Elections for the city of Denver, Colorado.[342] She is a member of the board of directors of RepresentWomen,[343] and was a panelist at Democracy Alliance’s Fall 2018 conference.[344]

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Directors, Employees & Supporters

  1. Janet McCabe
    Deputy Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
  2. Kristen Clarke
    Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division
  3. Kamala Harris
    Vice President of the United States
  4. Heather Boushey
    Member of Council of Economic Advisers
  5. Cristobal Alex
    White House Deputy Cabinet Secretary
  6. Ronald Klain
    White House Chief of Staff
  7. Thea Lee
    Deputy Undersecretary for International Labor Affairs
  8. Seema Nanda
    Solicitor of Labor
  9. Vanita Gupta
    Associate Attorney General
  10. Tracy Stone-Manning
    Nominee to Serve as Director of the Bureau of Land Management
  11. Brian Deese
    Director of the National Economic Council
  12. Wally Adeyemo
    Deputy Secretary of the Treasury
  13. Jake Sullivan
    National Security Advisor
  14. Jared Bernstein
    Member of Council of Economic Advisers
  15. Neera Tanden
    Senior Advisor to the President
  16. Joe Biden
    President of the United States
  17. Amber McReynolds
    Member of USPS Board of Governors
  18. Anne Filipic
    Director of Management & Administration
  19. Isabel Casillas Guzman
    Administrator of the Small Business Administration
  20. Kiran Ahuja
    Director of the Office of Personnel Management
  21. Susan Rice
    Director of the Domestic Policy Council
  22. Steve Richetti
    Counselor to the President
  23. Carmel Martin
    Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council for Economic Mobility
  24. Cindy Marten
    Deputy Secretary of Education
  25. Bishop M. Garrison, Jr
    Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Defense
  26. Miguel Cardona
    Secretary of Education
  27. Michael S. Regan
    Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
  28. John Kerry
    Special Presidential Envoy for Climate
  29. Jennifer Granholm
    Secretary of Energy
  30. Anita Dunn
    Senior Advisor to the President
  31. Gina McCarthy
    National Climate Advisor
  32. Antony Blinken
    Secretary of State
  33. Alejandro Mayorkas
    Secretary of Homeland Security
  34. Xavier Becerra
    Secretary of Health and Human Services
  35. Caroline Ciccone
    Communications Director, Office of Personnel Management
  36. Jen Psaki
    White House Press Secretary
  37. Justin Levitt
    White House Senior Policy Advisor for Democracy and Voting Rights
  38. K. Sabeel Rahman
    Senior Counselor at the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs
  39. Paige Herwig
    Senior Counsel
  40. David Chipman
    Director of Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (Nominee)
  41. Gary Gensler
    Chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission
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