Intel founder Gordon Moore and his wife Betty established the Gordon E. and Betty I. Moore Foundation (also known as the Moore Foundation) in 2000, and Gordon funded the foundation’s endowment with 175 million shares of Intel stock in 2001. Since its launch, the foundation has devoted 46.2% of its grants to environmental conservation, 33.1% to science, 10.1% to patient care, and 8.8% to projects in the San Francisco Bay area. 
With its generous support of left-of-center environmentalist organizations hostile to energy production, logging, and mining, the Moore Foundation’s Environmental Conservation program is the foundation’s most political and controversial. The program’s philosophy is summed up in the founders’ intent: “During our lifetimes we have observed the transformation of much of what was natural wilderness to highly-developed property… Huge areas of the planet are in danger of having their basic structure altered as a consequence of development and exploitation of resources.” To counter this development, Moore has granted hundreds of millions of dollars to far-left organizations like the David Suzuki Foundation, the Renewable Resources Coalition, and the Alaska Conservation Foundation.
The Moore Foundation’s most controversial effort was its 2011 role in funding and coordinating a coalition of foundations, Native American tribes, and activists, which worked closely with the Obama Administration’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to halt the proposed Pebble Mine on land in Alaska containing one of the world’s largest deposits of gold, silver, copper, and molybdenum. The EPA employed a seldom-used “veto authority” under the Clean Water Act to halt the project before the mining partnership had even submitted a mine design and plan, though it was later overturned by Trump Administration’s EPA.
Intel founder Gordon Moore and his wife Betty established the Gordon E. and Betty I. Moore Foundation (also known as the Moore Foundation), in 2000, and Gordon funded the foundation’s endowment with 175 million shares of Intel stock in 2001.
The Moores claim to evaluate each funding opportunity for its potential for large and enduring impact, and its measurability. Since its launch, the foundation has devoted 46.2% of its grants to environmental conservation, 33.1% to science, 10.1% to patient care, and 8.8% to projects in the San Francisco Bay area. 
With its generous support of left-of-center environmental organizations hostile to energy, logging, and mining companies, the Environmental Conservation program is the foundation’s most controversial.
The Moore Foundation launched its environmental program in 2001, with a series of grants totaling $261 million for a 10-year period to Conservation International (CI) to create a Global Conservation Fund (GCF) “to stop species extinctions in biodiversity hotspots and to protect large areas of major tropical wilderness areas.” These grants, which eventually grew to $395 million, comprise the largest gift ever to a private conservation organization. While the GSF “empowered” local communities, NGOs, and governments to protect their natural resources, and funded debt-for-nature swaps, carbon credits, and other standard environmental schemes, CI nonetheless was accused by the far left of “greenwashing” companies like BP, Cargill, Chevron, Monsanto and Shell by giving them environmentalist cover while those companies continued allegedly environmentally unfriendly operations.
Many of the Moore Foundation’s other grantees, however, boast fully leftist bona fides. Since 2003, for instance, Moore has awarded over $3 million to the David Suzuki Foundation, a radical environmental organization whose founder and namesake has called for criminalizing opposition to the environmentalist agenda.
In 2005, the Moore Foundation made a $600,000 grant to the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership (TRCP), for the stated purpose of, according to tax records, “to change the current course of energy development on public lands.” . Interestingly, the foundation’s website now claims the grant was for a less-controversial purpose: “To apply the influence of key hunting and fishing conservation organizations to improve the protection of fish and wildlife and their habitats.” The TRCP has long marketed itself as a sportsmen’s conservation organization, but its activities suggest that its focus is on advocating for continually increasing government regulation through agencies like the EPA and legislation like the Clean Water Act.
The Moore Foundation’s most controversial effort was its role in convincing the Obama Administration’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to temporarily stop a proposed mine on state land in southwestern Alaska containing one of the world’s largest deposits of gold, silver, copper, and molybdenum ever discovered.
Canadian mining company Northern Dynasty acquired the Pebble deposit in 2001, and established the Pebble Partnership in 2007, “to design, permit, construct, and operate a modern, long-life mine” located about 200 miles southwest of Anchorage in the Bristol Bay region of Alaska.
Meanwhile, the Moore Foundation was busy funding and facilitating opposition to the Pebble Project. As early as 2006, Moore provided the environmentalist group Trout Unlimited $925,625 for “a media campaign to build support for the permanent protection of the region’s valuable salmon resources.” In 2008, Moore gave $1,032,800 to the Renewable Resources Coalition for “Pebble Mine Education and Outreach,” $1.1 million to the Alaska Conservation Foundation for “Pebble mine campaign coordination,” and $624,000 to the Nature Conservancy for “Pebble mine science and risk assessment.” In 2009, the foundation gave another $1,029,542 to Trout Unlimited, this time “to develop and execute a paid media campaign that will educate residents of Alaska about the benefits of protecting renewable resources in Bristol Bay, and the risks associated with large-scale mining.” In 2010, Moore gave $567,246 to Earthworks “to engage with the private sector around the proposed development of Pebble Mine in Bristol Bay.” That same year, Moore was joined by fellow “big green” funders the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and The New York Community Trust, who collectively gave $600,000 to Trout Unlimited and the even more radical Natural Resources Defense Council for “prevention of development” of the Pebble Mine. 
Then, in February 2011, upon completion of a “multi-year watershed assessment in Bristol Bay,” the EPA employed a seldom-used “veto authority” under the Clean Water Act to halt the Pebble project before the mining partnership had even submitted a mine design, plan, and permit application. Moore Foundation president Steve McCormick stated in a 2013 Huffington Post interview that a good example of the foundation’s pursuit of “collective impact” was “the mobilization of key stakeholders in stopping the Pebble Mine at Bristol Bay.”
The Moore Foundation kicked off its science program in 2001 with a grant of $300 million over 10 years and a personal donation from the Moores themselves of $300 million over five years to the California Institute of Technology, Gordon’s alma mater. Collectively, the two contributions comprise the largest donation ever to an institution of higher learning. The grants fund projects in cosmology, physical sciences, chemistry, earth and planetary sciences, structural biology, and neuroscience.
Since 2001, the foundation has donated hundreds of millions of dollars to substantial and collaborative projects. Among them are efforts to design, create, and improve upon the most advanced telescopes in the world, including the Thirty Meter Telescope, which will one day enable astronomers to study objects “at the very edge of the observable Universe”; the Event Horizon Telescope, which will have “the greatest resolving power of any astronomical instrument ever assembled, and allow imaging of… a supermassive black hole”; and today’s “most scientifically productive optical and infrared telescope” at the Keck Observatory.
Other notable scientific projects are the foundation’s support of Princeton University in facilitating the growth of quantum computing by using less expensive silicon-based materials, the global Marine Microbiology Initiative backing scientists’ efforts to develop an experimental model systems in marine microbial ecology, which will enable researchers “to ask scientific questions in ways not currently possible,” and multiple projects focusing on advanced particle accelerators, the Earthquake Early Warning system, imaging, and plant science.
To help facilitate collaboration beyond its own projects, the Moore Foundation has also funded open source efforts including an open-source computing language called Julia, and the publication of two online scientific journals providing open and free access to scientific research at the Public Library of Science (PLoS).
In 2016, the foundation launched the Moore Inventor Fellows providing early-career scientist-inventors $825,000 over three years to work on “unique and groundbreaking projects.” The foundation plans to allocate nearly $34 million through 2026 to support 50 Moore Inventor Fellows.
The Moore Foundation has spent $421 million on its efforts to improve patient care in the U.S. This includes a 2007 $100 million grant to launch the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at the University of California, Davis, the largest grant ever for nursing education in the U.S. Partnering with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Johns Hopkins Medical Center, and University of California San Francisco Medical Center, the foundation funded projects from 2012 to 2016 that sought to eliminate common and preventable medical harms in intensive care units.
More recently, the foundation has shifted its focus to community-based care in outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, and in the homes of patients. “As the next wave of patient safety efforts move in this direction,” states the foundation, “we will explore how our resources can best be applied to improve the safety of the care people receive.” In particular, the foundation will explore diagnostic and medication errors, and opportunities to provide “high-quality, community-based care” for an aging high-need population. 
San Francisco Bay
The Moore Foundation has donated more than $284 million to conservation projects and museums in the San Francisco Bay area. Roughly $172 million has been devoted to conservation. Funding has supported local trusts in more than 80 acquisitions, easements, and “other conservation-related projects” in order to prevent development and “sustain the biodiversity” in the region. Grants have also been awarded to local conservation initiatives, including Audubon California’s effort to protect the habitat of the Pacific herring, Sempervirens Fund’s proposal for a “carbon bank” for owners of redwood forest land in the Santa Cruz Mountain area, and a study by the San Francisco Estuary Institute and the 5 Gyres Institute of microplastic pollution in San Francisco Bay. The remainder of the Bay budget is devoted to museums including the Exploratorium, Berkeley Lawrence Hall of Science, Tech Museum of Innovation, and Chabot Space & Science Center.
Gordon E. Moore, Chairman of the Board
Gordon Moore is co-founder of Intel Corporation and Chairman Emeritus of the Intel Board of Directors. Moore was chief executive officer at Intel from 1975 to 1987, and was chairman until 1997 when he became chairman emeritus. He is the namesake of “Moore’s Law,” his 1965 contention that the number of transistors the industry would be able to place on a chip would double every year, which has become a slang term for the rapid pace of technological advancement.
Harvey V. Fineberg, President
Harvey V. Fineberg is a physician and president of the Moore Foundation. Prior to the Moore Foundation, Dr. Fineberg held the Presidential Chair as visiting professor at the University of California, San Francisco, served as president of the Institute of Medicine and as provost of Harvard University, and served as dean of the Harvard School of Public Health. He also helped found and served as president of the Society for Medical Decision Making, and co-authored the books Clinical Decision Analysis, Innovators in Physician Education, and The Epidemic that Never Was. “People Detail: Harvey V. Fineberg, M.D., Ph.D.” Moore Foundation. Accessed December 19, 2017. https://www.moore.org/people-detail?personUrl=harveyf