Clean Production Action




Tax ID:


Tax-Exempt Status:


Budget (2018):

Revenue: $1,984,244
Expenses: $1,218,123
Assets: $1,254,377

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Clean Production Action (CPA) is an advocacy organization that promotes the use of environmentalist-preferred chemicals in products and buildings. CPA works with companies to help change their chemical usage both through voluntary partnerships and by applying pressure through Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance (ESG) investing. 1

CPA’s initiatives break down into four primary programs: BizNGO, GreenScreen for Safer Chemicals, the Chemical Footprint Project, and its ESG arm, the Investor Environmental Health Network. 2

Since 2016, CPA has been led by executive director Mark S. Rossi, an environmental policy analyst. 3 Rossi regularly speaks out against the chemical industry’s reliance on conventional energy, calling it “incredibly toxic.” 4



In 2006, Clean Production Action and Rossi launched BizNGO, an initiative that promotes partnerships between businesses, NGOs, and governments to advance progressive environmentalism in the chemical industry. Among BizNGO’s objectives is the creation of a “transition agenda” for companies seeking to move away from chemicals that CPA deems harmful to human or environmental health. 5

CPA describes BizNGO as an informal network rather than a membership organization,6 and thus opens participation to any companies, NGOs, governments, and academics who support BizNGO’s set of “Principles for Safer Chemicals,” which include a commitment to disclosing all chemicals used in products and supporting public policies that “promote a greener economy, including support for green chemistry research and education.” 7

BizNGO has published a range of reports designed to assess corporate compliance with CPA’s principles, including the Chemical Alternatives Assessment Protocol, Plastics Scorecard, and Alternatives to Methylene Chloride in Paint and Varnish Strippers. 8


CPA’s GreenScreen for Safer Chemicals is a chemical hazard assessment method used by governments and businesses to identify dangerous chemicals and choose alternatives to replace them. CPA reports that GreenScreen is used by businesses in the electronics, apparel, and building sectors to identify safer alternatives to toxic chemicals. 9

In 2017, CPA launched a certification program for products that meet GreenScreen criteria, called GreenScreen Certified. It has certified certain firefighter foams, textile chemicals, and fabrics, among other products. 10

Chemical Footprint Project

CPA’s Chemical Footprint Project (CFP) works to pressure companies to measure and disclose their chemical footprints to investors and the public. 11 CFP developed a quantitative process for measuring corporate chemical footprints, which it says is used by 31 companies including Levi Strauss, Walmart and Hewlett-Packard to inventory and self-report on hazardous chemical use. 12 According to CPA, it is also used by investors, retailers, health care organizations, and NGOs to evaluate their manufacturers on chemical use issues. 13

ESG Activities

In 2018, CPA executive director Mark Rossi helped ramp up CPA’s activist investing efforts by leading the integration of the Investor Environmental Health Network (IEHN) into CPA. IEHN organizes ESG investors to pressure public companies to adopt safer chemical usage. 14

In June 2020, IEHN and CPA were involved in a shareholder proposal filed with TJX Companies, the parent company of TJ Maxx and HomeGoods, by the activist investing firms Trillium Asset Management LLC and First Affirmative Financial Network. 15 Nearly 45 percent of TJX Companies’ shareholders voted in favor of the resolution calling on the retailer to report on its plans to reduce its chemical footprint. 16


  1. “CPA Overview.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  2. CSRWire. “Clean Production Action profile.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  3. “Mark S. Rossi, Ph.D. Executive Director.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  4. Wilcox, Meg. “What Zymergen’s IPO says about ‘biofacturing’ and green chemistry.” May 3, 2021. Accessed May 10, 2021.
  5. “Mission and Objectives.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  6. “FAQ.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  7. “Principles for Safer Chemicals.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  8. “Mark S. Rossi, Ph.D. Executive Director.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  9. “What is GreenScreen®?” Accessed May 17, 2021.
  10. “Demonstrate your commitment to environmentally preferable products.” Accessed May 17, 2021.
  11. Cristol, Steven. “Why caring about climate change means caring about chemicals of concern.” September 23, 2019. Accessed May 10, 2021.
  12. “2019 Report.”  Accessed May 17, 2021.
  13. “Mark S. Rossi, Ph.D. Executive Director.” Accessed May 17, 2021.
  14. “Mark S. Rossi, Ph.D. Executive Director.” Accessed May 10, 2021.
  15. Wilcox, Meg. “Chemical footprinting comes of age.” July 13, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2021.
  16. “Press Release: TJX Companies, Inc.—Over 44% of the retailer’s shareholders voted for action to reduce chemical risk.” June 15, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2021.
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Nonprofit Information

  • Accounting Period: December - November
  • Tax Exemption Received: September 1, 2014

  • Available Filings

    Period Form Type Total revenue Total functional expenses Total assets (EOY) Total liabilities (EOY) Unrelated business income? Total contributions Program service revenue Investment income Comp. of current officers, directors, etc. Form 990
    2018 Dec Form 990 $1,984,244 $1,218,123 $1,254,377 $79,432 N $1,737,145 $183,745 $0 $145,045 PDF
    2017 Dec Form 990 $1,172,661 $1,469,094 $503,860 $95,036 N $928,989 $197,879 $0 $143,140
    2016 Dec Form 990 $1,331,983 $1,423,781 $812,443 $107,186 N $1,057,460 $229,069 $0 $141,482
    2015 Dec Form 990 $1,226,286 $1,240,979 $853,282 $56,227 N $1,061,728 $89,599 $0 $129,160 PDF
    2014 Dec Form 990 $1,645,413 $1,235,974 $871,819 $60,071 N $1,227,705 $304,687 $0 $310,893 PDF
    2013 Dec Form 990 $402,368 $59 $402,309 $0 N $402,320 $0 $48 $0 PDF

    Additional Filings (PDFs)

    Clean Production Action

    1310 BROADWAY STE 101
    SOMERVILLE, MA 02144-1837